• Short Summary

    THE ELECTIONS FOR THE WEST GERMAN BUNDESTAG, THE LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT, TAKE PLACE ON SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 19TH.

  • Description

    THE ELECTIONS FOR THE WEST GERMAN BUNDESTAG, THE LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT, TAKE PLACE ON SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 19TH.AS THE NEWLY ELECTED MEMBERS CHOOSE THE CHANCELLOR, OR HEAD OF GOVERNMENT, THESE ELECTIONS ALSO DETERMINE THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.THEY ARE HELD EVERY FOUR YEARS.

    IN THE OUTGOING HOUSE, THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS WERE THE LARGEST SINGLE PARTY, THOUGH WITHOUT AN OVERALL MAJORITY.THEY HELD 19 SEATS, AND THEIR SOUTH GERMAN ALLIES THE CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION HELD 50.THE MAIN OPPOSITION PARTY, THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATS, HELD 190.THE BALANCE WAS HELD BY THE FREE DEMOCRATS, WITH 67.IN ADDITION TO THESE 499 MEMBERS THERE WERE 22 REPRESENTATIVES OF WEST BERLIN, WITH NO VOTE.

    THE PRESENT GOVERNMENT IS A COALITION OF CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS AND CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION WITH THE FREE DEMOCRATS, UNDER CHANCELLOR LUDWIG ERHARD.HE SUCCEEDED DR.KONRAD ADENAUER, WHO RETIRED IN 1963, BUT IS STILL, AT 89, CHRISTIAN DEMOCRAT PARTY CHAIRMAN, AND IS STILL CAMPAIGNING IN THE ELECTION.THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS HAVE BEEN IN OFFICE FOR 16 YEARS.

    THE CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION LEADER IS THE CONTROVERSIAL FORMER DEFENCE MINISTER, HERR FRANZ JOSEF STRAUSS, WHO RESIGNED FROM THE GOVERNMENT IN 1962 OVER THE TREASON CHARGES (SINCE DISMISSED) AGAINST THE PUBLISHER AND SOME OF THE STAFF OF THE MAGAZINE "DER SPIEGEL".

    DR.ERICH MENDE, THE PRESENT VICE-CHANCELLOR, LEADS THE FREE DEMOCRATS.

    THE SOCIAL DEMOCRAT LEADER, WHO IS STANDING AGAINST DR.ERHARD FOR THE CHANCELLORSHIP, IS HERR WILLY BRANDT, THE MAYOR OF WEST BERLIN.

    SYNOPSIS:
    ON SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 19TH, ABOUT 38 1/2 MILLION CITIZENS OF WEST GERMANY WILL BE VOTING FOR A NEW BUNDESTAG, OR LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT.THESE ELECTIONS TAKE PLACE EVERY FOUR YEARS.

    THE BUNDESTAG HAS 499 MEMBERS FROM THE FEDERAL GERMAN REPUBLIC, AND 22 REPRESENTATIVES OF WEST BERLIN, WHO HAVE NO VOTE THERE.HALF ARE DIRECTLY ELECTED, AND HALF BY A FORM OF PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION.THE MEMBERS ELECT THE CHANCELLOR OR HEAD OF GOVERNMENT.

    THE PRESENT CHANCELLOR, DR.LUDWIG ERHARD, IS 68.HE IS CAMPAIGNING ON THE RECORD OF HIS PARTY, THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS, WHO HAVE HELD OFFICE FOR 16 YEARS, EVER SINCE THE POST WAR FEDERAL REPUBLIC WAS ESTABLISHED.

    PRESIDENT LUEBKE RECEIVES DR.ERHARD'S CABINET INCLUDING FOREIGN MINISTER DR.GERHARD SCHROEDER, ON THE RIGHT WHEN THE GOVERNMENT WAS RESHARED TWO YEARS AGO.THIS WAS WHEN DR.ERHARD TOOK OVER THE CHANCELLORSHIP ON THE RETIREMENT OF DR.KONRAD ADENAUER.

    DR.ERHARD'S RELATIONS WITH PRESIDENT DE GAULLE OF RANCE HAVE BEEN RATHER LESS CLOSE THAN DR.ADENAUER'S; AND THIS HAS BEEN REFLECTED IN SOME DIFFERENCES OF EMPHASIS INSIDE THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRAT RANKS ON NATO AND EUROPEAN POLICY.

    A RECENT ELECTION SPEECH ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS CONTROL BY DR.ADENAUER - STILL CAMPAIGNING AT 89 - CAUSED HIS PARTY SOME EMBARRASSMENT.BUT MAINLY THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS ARE FIGHTING ON THE DOMESTIC ISSUE OF MAINTAINING WEST GERMANY'S PROSPERITY, FOR WHICH DR.ERHARD IS GIVEN MUCH OF THE CREDIT.

    THE CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION ARE LED BY THE FORMER DEFENCE MINISTER, HERR FRANZ JOSEF STRAUSS.THEY ARE A SOUTH GERMAN PARTY ALLIED TO THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS.CONGRATULATING HERR STRAUSS AFTER HIS RE-ELECTION AS CHAIRMAN IS THE COMMON MARKET CHIEF, PROFESSOR HALLSTEIN.

    HERR STRAUSS RESIGNED FROM THE GOVERNMENT THREE YEARS AGO, OVER THE AFFAIR OF THE MAGAZINE "DFR SPIELGEL".HE IS NOW REGARDED AS MAKING A COMEBACK, AND THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS SAY HE WILL BE CONSIDERED FOR OFFICE AGAIN IF THEY WIN THE ELECTION HE IS 49 AND HAS A REPUTATION AS A FIERY AND EMOTIONAL SPEAKER, OUTSPOKEN IN HIS DEMANDS FOR A STRONG, INDEPENDENT EUROPE AND FOR GERMAN REUNIFICATION.

    IN THE SPIEGEL AFFAIR, IN 1962, THE MAGAZINE PUBLISHED AN ARTICLE ALLEGING SHORTCOMINGS IN NATO AND WEST GERMAN FORCES.THE ARREST OF ITS PUBLISHER AND SEVERAL MEMBERS OF THE STAFF IN SUSPICION OF TREASON BROUGHT A STORM OF PUBLIC PROTEST AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT AND DEMANDS FOR HERR STRAUSS'S RESIGNATION.AFTER TWO AND A HALF YEARS THE COURTS DISMISSED THE TREASON CHARGES BUT ECHOES OF THE AFFAIR ARE STILL AFFECTING THE WEST GERMAN POLITICAL SCENE.

    DR.ERICH MENDE, ALSO 49, LEADS THE FREE DEMOCRATS, WHO ARE A SEPARATE PARTY BUT IN COALITION WITH THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS AND CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS AND CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION.THEY ARE STERN OPPONENTS OF HERR STRAUSS; THEY THREATENED TO RESIGN FROM THE COALITION OVER THE SPIEGEL AFFAIR AND HAVE AGAIN SAID THEY WOULD NOT SERVE WITH HIM.DOMESTICALLY, THEY COURT THE MIDDLE-CLASS, UNCOMMITTED VOTER.

    THE FREE DEMOCRATS ENTERED THE COALITION IN 1961, WHEN THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS LOST THEIR ABSOLUTE MAJORITY IN THE BUNDESTAG.AT FIRST THEY WERE UNWILLING TO SERVE UNDER DR.ADENAUER, AND DR.MENDE HIMSELF DID NOT JOIN THE CABINET UNTIL AFTER DR.ADENAUER RETIRED.

    MR.MENDE IS NOW VICE CHANCELLOR, WITH THREE COLLEAGUES IN THE COALITION.ANOTHER, HERR BUCHER, RESIGNED BECAUSE HE OPPOSED, ON LEGAL GROUNDS, THE EXTENSION OF TIME FOR WAR CRIMES PROSECUTIONS.

    THE OFFICIAL OPPOSITION IS THE SOCIAL DEMOCRAT PARTY, LED BY HERR WILLY BRANDT, THE MAYOR OF WEST BERLIN.THEY HAVE BEEN DOING WELL IN LOCAL ELECTIONS IN THE PAST TWO YEARS AND ARE CAMPAIGNING ON THE GROUNDS THAT IT IS TIME FOR A CHANGE.

    SINCE THE BERLIN WALL CRISIS OF 1961, HERR BRANDT HAS BECOME WIDELY KNOWN ABROAD, OFTEN ACTING AS HOST TO VISITING FOREIGN STATESMEN.HE HAS PROMISED THE ELECTORS NEW EFFORTS FOR A GERMAN PEACE TREATY, AND NEW TALKS WITH THE WESTERN ALLIES AND THE SOVIET UNION ABOUT THE REUNIFICATION OF GERMANY.

    BUT THE PUBLIC OPINION POLLS SHOW THAT HERR BRANDT, WHO IS 51 IS LESS PERSONALLY POPULAR WITH THE VOTERS THAN DR.ERHARD, THOUGH THEIR PARTIES ARE RUNNING NECK AND NECK.

    SOCIAL DEMOCRAT STRONGHOLDS ARE IN THE BIG TOWNS: THEY CONTROL 48 OF THE 60 CITY COUNCILS.IF THEY WIN THE PRESENT ELECTIONS, THE CABINET WOULD PROBABLY INCLUDE: HERR FRITZ ERLER, FOREIGN MINISTER..................HERR CARLO SCHMIDT, MINISTER OF RESEARCH...............HERR ALEX MOELLER, FINANCE MINISTER..........HERR CARL SCHILLER, ECONOMICS MINISTER.............

    HERR HELMUT SCHMIDT, DEFENCE MINISTER.................AND HERR FRIEDRICH SCHAEFER, MINISTER FOR HOME AFFAIRS.

    HERR BRANDT AND THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATS HAVE BEEN CONCENTRATING THEIR ATTACKS ON THE GOVERNMENT'S HOME POLICIES: THE COST OF LIVING, HOUSING AND EDUCATION, AND WHAT HERR BRANDT CALLED THE REPREHENSIBLE MIXTURE OF SCANDALS AND SQUABBLES IN THE COALITION.NONE OF THE SMALLER PARTIES ARE EXPECTED TO GET THE FIVE PER CENT OF VOTES NEEDED TO ELECT MEMBERS.

    THE MAIN INTEREST IS IN WHETHER THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATS WILL PUT AN END TO THE SIXTEEN YEARS OF CHRISTIAN DEMOCRAT-DOMINATED GOVERNMENT.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA2OD9CNH7P0Y2L084XZVRQ0OLQ
    Media URN:
    VLVA2OD9CNH7P0Y2L084XZVRQ0OLQ
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    26/08/1965
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:05:14:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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