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    Vice-President Richard M. Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy, Republican and Democratic Party candidates in?

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    Spivak; "Will you sum up your intentions in the field of civil rights if you become President?"

    Nixon: "My intentions in the field of civil rights have been spelled out on the Republican platform. I think we have to make progress first in the field of employment and there we would give statutory authority to the Committee on Government Contracts, which is an effective way of getting real progress made in this area. Since about one out of every four jobs is held by, and is allotted by, people who have government contracts, certainly I think all of us agree, that when anybody has a government contract, certainly the money that is spent under that contract ought to be dispersed equally without regard to the race or creed or colour of the individual who is to be employed. Second, in the field of schools, we believe that there should be provisions whereby the Federal Government would give assistance to those districts who do not want to integrate their schools. That of course was rejected as was the government contracts provision by the special session of the Congress in which Mr. Kennedy was quite active. I have talked with Negro mothers, I have heard them explain, try to explain how they tell their children how they can go into a store and buy a loaf of bread out then can't go into that store and sit at the counter and get a coca cola. This is wrong, and we have to do something about it; so under the circumstances what do we do. What we do is what the Attorney General of the United States did under the direction of the President, call in the owners of chain stores and get them to take action. Why do I talk every time I am in the South on civil rights, not because I am preaching to the people of the south, because this isn't just a southern problem, it's a northern problem and western problem, it's a problem for all of us. I do it because it is responsibility of leadership. I do it right at this time particularly because we have Khrushchev in this country, a man who has enslaved millions, a man who has slaughtered thousands. We cannot continue to have a situation where he can point a finger at t
    he United States of America and say that we are denying rights to our citizens."

    Kennedy: "Well Mr. Nixon hasn't discussed the two basic questions. What is going to be done and what will be his policy in implementing the Supreme Court decision of 1954? Giving aid to schools technically that are trying to carry out the decision is not the great question. Secondly what is he going to do to provide fair employment? He's been the head of the committee of Government Contracts that's carried out two cases both in the district of Columbia. He has not indicated his support of an attempt to provide fair employment practices around the country so that everyone can get a job regardless of their race or colour. What would be the leadership of the President in these areas to provide equality of opportunity for employment? Equality of opportunity in the field of housing which could be done in all federal supported housing by a stroke of the President's pen. What would be done to provide equality of education in all sections of the United States? Those are the questions to which the President must establish a moral tone and moral leadership and I can assure you that if I am elected President I shall do so."

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    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: Vice-President Richard M. Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy, Republican and Democratic Party candidates in the November 9 American Presidential election, took their campaigns into millions of American homes October 7 in their second television debate. Their last TV-meeting was September 26.

    The candidates were questioned by a group of four newsmen with the initiative as to subject content. In replying to a question, the candidate was limited to 2 1/2 minutes with his opponent allowed 1 1/2 minutes for rebuttal comment.

    Our excerpt of the debate contains their response to a question put to Mr. Nixon by newsman Alvon Spivak;
    Some political analysts say the outcome of the election might well turn on the impressions voters gained from seeing and hearing the contestants during these TV-Radio shows. They will meet again on October 13 and 21.

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