• Short Summary

    THE PROBLEMS FACING EUROPEAN FARMERS IN KENYA ARE MOST CLEARLY EVIDENT IN THE WHITE HIGHLANDS NORTH OF NAIROBI, WHERE FILM TAKEN AT LIMURU, APRIL 24TH, SHOWS ABANDONED FARMS, DERELICT SCHOOLS AND ACTIVITIES ON ONE OF THE REMAINING EUROPEAN PROPERTIES, THAT OF MRS.

  • Description

    1.
    LV ABANDONED HOUSE THROUGH TREES
    0.05

    2.
    SV NAME PLATE IN FRONT GARDEN.
    0.06

    3.
    SV DERELICT INTERIOR.
    0.09

    4.
    ANGLE V RAFTERS WITH SLATES MISSING
    0.11

    5.
    ANGLE V DITTO
    0.13

    6.
    SV BROKEN DOLL ON FLOOR OR DERELICT HOUSE.
    0.16

    7.
    LV ABANDONED SCHOOL
    0.20

    8.
    SCU TORN SCHOOL BOOK ON FLOOR
    0.22

    9.
    SV EXERCISE BOOKS ON FLOOR
    0.24

    10.
    SV INT. DERELICT SCHOOL.
    0.27

    11.
    LVPAN SCHOOL PAN TO SURROUNDING COUNTRYSIDE
    0.31

    12.
    LV MRS. STEPHEN'S, DAUGHTER SALLY AND AFRICAN HEADMAN IN PASTURE
    0.35

    13.
    LV KIKUYU WOMEN WEEDING TEA SEEDLINGS
    0.39

    14.
    SCU DITTO
    0.42

    15.
    LV MRS. STEPHEN'S WATCHES KIKUYU REPAIRING FENCE
    0.45

    16.
    CU DITTO
    0.48

    17.
    LV MRS. STEPHEN'S TALKS WITH CHILDREN OF AFRICAN EMPLOYEES
    0.52

    18.
    SCU DITTO
    0.54

    19.
    REAR V MRS. STEPHEN'S AND SALLY TOUR FARM
    0.59

    20.
    LV HERD OF GUERNSEY COWS BEING BROUGHT IN FOR MILKING.
    1.02

    21.
    SCUPAN DITTO
    1.06

    22.
    LV COWS INTO MILKING SHED
    1.08

    23.
    LV AFRICANS CLEAN COWS PRIOR TO MILKING
    1.12

    24.
    SCU AFRICANS MILKING COW
    1.16

    25.
    LV AFRICAN GROOMING BULL
    1.21

    26.
    CU MRS. STEPHEN'S EXAMINES BULL
    1.23

    27.
    LV CHICKENS IN RUN
    1.27

    28.
    SV MRS. STEPHENS GRADING EGGS
    1.31

    29.
    STV CHICKENS FEEDING
    1.36

    30.
    CU MRS. STEPHENS
    1.40

    31.
    SV EXTERIOR MRS. STEPHENS SEATED WITH REPORTER



    SOF IN "SOME YEARS AGO.............."



    ................ACTUALLY EVENTUATE." SOF OUT.
    2.17


    TRANSCRIPT: QUESTION: SOME YEARS AGO YOUR HUSBAND IN COMMON WITH THE KENYA BAR OFFERED HIS SERVICE TO DEFEND MAU MAU MURDERERS. HOW DO YOU SEE YOUR FUTURE AS A FARMER IN KENYA WHEN SELF-GOVERNMENT COMES?



    ANSWER: WELL, OF COURSE, THAT REALLY COMES TO A POINT OF LAW AND ORDER AND OF COURSE, QUITE NATURALLY THAT MUST BE MAINTAINED, OTHERWISE THE POSITION IS GOING TO BE QUITE HOPELESS, WE ARE ALL HOPING VERY MUCH THAT IT WILL MAINTAINED AND I FEEL PERSONALLY, KNOWING THE AFRICAN REASONABLY WELL, THAT THERE IS GOING TO BE AS MUCH RELIEF AMONG THE AFRICANS THEMSELVES AS THE EUROPEANS WHEN THAT TIME DOES ACTUALLY EVENTUATE.




    Initials KJ/S/WS/WRC KJ/WS/CJB/WRC



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: THE PROBLEMS FACING EUROPEAN FARMERS IN KENYA ARE MOST CLEARLY EVIDENT IN THE WHITE HIGHLANDS NORTH OF NAIROBI, WHERE FILM TAKEN AT LIMURU, APRIL 24TH, SHOWS ABANDONED FARMS, DERELICT SCHOOLS AND ACTIVITIES ON ONE OF THE REMAINING EUROPEAN PROPERTIES, THAT OF MRS. MARGARET STEPHEN, WHO WAS INTERVIEWED ON THE EUROPEAN FARMER'S PROSPECTS IN AN AFRICAN-ADMINISTERED KENYA.

    AMONG 65,000 EUROPEANS - MOSTLY BRITONS AND MANY OF THEM BORN IN KENYA - THERE ARE STILL ABOUT 3,500 FARMING FAMILIES, FORMING THE BACKBONE OF THE TERRITORY'S ECONOMY. SWEPT ALONG BY THE TIDE OF EMERGENT NATIONALISM AND PRESIDENT RIVALRY BETWEEN THE TWO LEADING AFRICANS PARTIES, KANU AND KADU, MANY EUROPEANS HAVE ALREADY PACKED THEIR BAGS AND LEFT THEIR HOMESTEADS TO THE MERCIES OF THE CLIMATE OR THE DISCRETION OF THE AFRICAN SQUATTERS THAT ARE SLOWING MOVING IN.

    TWICE AS MANY EUROPEANS LEFT KENYA AS CAME IN LAST YEAR, PRODUCING A NET EMIGRATION OF NEARLY 3,000 - ALMOST 5 PERCENT OF THE EUROPEAN POPULATION. MANY MORE WOULD LEAVE FROM ONE DAY TO THE NEXT IF THEY COULD REALIZE ANYTHING LIKE FAIR PRICES FOR THEIR ASSETS, WHICH SO FAR THEY HAVE HAD NO PROSPECTS OF DOING.

    ACCORDING TO REPORTS FROM NAIROBI, MAY 17TH THE KENYA GOVERNMENT HAS NOW ASKED BRITAIN TO PROVIDE ENOUGH MONEY FOR THE PURCHASE OF A LARGE PART, IF NOT THE WHOLE, OF THE EUROPEAN MIXED FARMING AREAS IN ORDER TO ACCOMMODATE AN ESTIMATED 150,000 LANDLESS AFRICAN FAMILIES. NEGOTIATIONS ARE STILL AT A DELICATE STAGE BUT ARE UNDERSTOOD TO HAVE MADE ENCOURAGING PROGRESS.

    MEANWHILE, A LARGE NUMBER OF EUROPEAN FARMERS ARE CARRYING ON AS BEFORE. MRS. STEPHEN, WIFE OF NAIROBI LAWYER, BOUGHT AT LIMURU, 7,000 FEET ABOVE SEA LEVEL, THIRTEEN YEARS AGO. A VERY SMALL OUTFIT BY KENYA STANDARDS, IT BOASTS A PRIZE HERD OF GUERNSEY CATTLE. THEIR MILK AND CREAM IS COLD IN NEARBY NAIROBI.

    AFRICAN LABOURERS LOOK AFTER THE FARM UNDER MRS. STEPHEN'S DIRECT SUPERVISION. MANY OF THEM HAVE BEEN WORKING ON THE FARM LONG BEFORE MRS. STEPHEN BOUGHT IT. ALL OF THEM ARE KIKUYU, BUT REMAINED WORKING WITH HER THROUGHOUT THE MAU MAU EMERGENCY. IT HAS TAKEN THEM A LONG TIME TO LEARN THEIR JOBS AT WHICH THEY ARE NOW FULLY SKILLED.

    MRS. STEPHEN ALSO REARS CHICKENS AND CULTIVATES. EVERY MONTH SHE BUYS 100 DAY-OLD CHICKS TO SUPPLEMENT THE 900 BIRDS KEPT ON THE FARM. IN TIME SHE HOPES TO RAISE THE NUMBER TO SOME 5,000. THE MORE REMARKABLE THING IS THE NEW TEA PLANTATION. KIKUYU WOMEN TEND THE TWO-YEAR-OLD PLANTS, AND WHEN THE TEA IS PLUCKED, IN FIVE YEAR'S TIME, IT IS EXPECTED TO BRING GOOD PROFITS.

    SUCH LONG-TERM PROJECTS ARE A GOOD INDICATION OF MRS. STEPHEN'S FEELING TOWARDS FARMING IN KENYA - SHE REGARDS THE COUNTRY AS HER HOME AND SHE INTENDS TO STAY. HER THOUGHTS ABOUT THE FUTURE? OUR REPORTER PUT THIS QUESTION TO HER:

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA2L7BK08LFM8UP7GEIDSAH20CY
    Media URN:
    VLVA2L7BK08LFM8UP7GEIDSAH20CY
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    29/05/1962
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:17:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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