• Short Summary

    Peace and order returned to Bangkok the capital of Thailand, Tuesday (October 16th), after two days of violence marking some of the bloodiest riots in the country's history.

  • Description

    Peace and order returned to Bangkok the capital of Thailand, Tuesday (October 16th), after two days of violence marking some of the bloodiest riots in the country's history.

    Thousands of students began cleaning up the streets of central Bangkok, sweeping up the debris of riots which brought the downfall of the military government, and cost hundreds of people their lives.

    Bangkok newspapers reported that the students' elation at winning back democratic government was stained by a feeling of bitterness over alleged police "inhumanity". As students and scouts moved about the main scenes of the riots, sweeping away piles of garbage and removing burnt-out vehicles, a mob gathered outside police headquarters and pelted it with stones. The mob shouted for Lieutenant-General Montchai Phankongchuen, alleged to have triggered the worst civilian massacre in Thailand's history.

    The riots on Sunday and Monday (October 14th and 15th) took place in the centre of Bangkok. Several government buildings as well as the Police headquarters were set on fire and gutted.

    Government offices were re-opened on Tuesday, many in temporary premises, but the Thammasat University was kept closed.

    The student's main demand was for a return to democratic rule, which had been abolished in 1971, in favour of rule by decree by the former Premier, Field Marshal Thanom kittikachorn. The Field Marshal -- Premier since 1936 -- his son, Colonel Narong Kittikachorn, and the former Deputy Premier, Prepare Charueathien, left Thailand by air for an unknown destination on Monday.

    The new Premier, Mr. Sanya Thammasak, the rector of the Thammasat University and a former Chief Justice, has appointed a 14-member cabinet which has the task of restoring constitutional rule within six months. He has also ordered an inquiry into the number of people killed in the riots.

    Buddhist monks and civilians have given blood donations for the hundreds of people wounded in the riots, and scouts took over the task of directing traffic in parts of Bangkok. Sightseers, who poured into the city following the riots, reportedly handed thousands of dollars to groups off youths collecting money for the families of the dead. However, hospital authorities later announced that many of the collectors had simply pocketed the money for themselves.

    SYNOPSIS: The Democracy Monument in the centre Bangkok, capital of Thailand, has became a symbol of the return to Democratic rule. Peace and order returned to the capital on Tuesday, after two days of some of the bloodiest riots in the country's history. With the fall of the military government, and the promise of constitutional rule within six months, the students began to clean up the debris.

    Boy scouts took over the job of directing traffic in some parts of the city. Many policemen are said to have died in the riots.

    Buddhist monks and scores of civilians queued at hospitals to give blood donations for the wounded. Official estimates put the number of killed and wounded as high as four hundred, and an official inquiry has been ordered. Since the riots began on Sunday, hospitals have run critically short of blood.

    Sightseers were generous with donations for the families of the dead and injured. But hospital authorities reported that many of the collectors were pocketing the money for themselves. One of the scenes of the bloody riots was the Thammasat University, which has remained closed while students help clean up the city. The University's rector, Mr. Sanya Thammasak, a former Chief Justice, was appointed the new Premier of Thailand on Monday.

    While students cleaned debris from the streets, a new fourteen-man cabinet started the job of drafting a new constitution and restoring democratic rule.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA2L14JXXH5OG45DEL39J1KNNOO
    Media URN:
    VLVA2L14JXXH5OG45DEL39J1KNNOO
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    17/10/1976
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:01:54:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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