After forty furious days of high-pressure election campaigning the Italians went to the polls, on Whit Sunday and Monday.
LV.Ext. The Polling Station
CU. Front of Ballot Box.
CU. Votes dropping into box.
SV.Pan Nun arriving to vote.
SV.Pan Two people arriving to vote.
SCU. The man voting.
SV. Towards PALMIRO TOGLIATTI (Communist Leader) arriving.
SV. People waiting to vote.
STV. Togliatti at the Ballot Box.
SLV. AMILCARE FANFANI (Christian Democrat) at the ballot box.
SV.Pan A line of people outside waiting to vote.
SCU. Clergy in the queue.
SV.Pan President GRONCHI arriving to vote.
SV. People waiting outside.
LV. Gronchi emerges from the Polling Station.
STV. WALKING AWAY.
Initials S-D MR/VCW
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: After forty furious days of high-pressure election campaigning the Italians went to the polls, on Whit Sunday and Monday. Vote counting for this Senate has been completed and the result is a victory for the Christian Democrats,under Adone Zoli governed the country before these elections.
Out of a possible total of 246 elected seats the Christian Democratic Party has obtained 122. The Communists have 60, the Italian Socialist Party 35 and the remaining 29 have been scattered among a variety of minor parties. The Neo-Fascist have 8 of these, the Popular Monarchists 5 the National Monarchists 2, the Social Democrats 5, the Liberals 4, the Independent Left wing 3, and the South Tyrol Party 2.
Compared with the 1953 elections the Christian Democrats are still the largest party, but without an absolute majority. They have gained 6 seats. On the other side the Communists have an additional 4 and the Nenni Socialists 5 more. The majority of these gains have been obtained in the expense of the National Monarchists who have lost 14 seats.
In view of this higher proportion of seats cast in favour of the three main parties it would seem that the electorate have realized the gravity of the political situation in Italy and for the most party have withdrawn support from the smaller, insignificant parties such as the National Monarchists.
As far as the results for the Chamber of Deputies are concerned the latest figures, with four results outstanding, show a similar pattern to the Senate figures. The Christian Democrats have gained ground with 42.5 % of the poll, the Communists have pulled up with 22.6% and the Socialists increased their poll to 14.3 %. These gains are, as in the Senate, at the expense of the smaller Right wing parties.
In the Senate seven members have seats for life and in the last Parliament they gave their support to the Christian Democratic Party, as did the South Tyrol Party, with 2 seats. If these 9 members again join the major party a majority of 4 over all other parties will be obtained.