He continued to fight against the advance of communism. In 1950, he sent U.S. troops?
He continued to fight against the advance of communism. In 1950, he sent U.S. troops to support South Korea against the North. The American contingent comprised the bulk of the United Nations force fighting in Korea.
Two years later, Mr. Truman astonished the American voters by refusing to run for office again at the height of his popularity. He retired to a life of virtual sacculation, working on his memoirs and plans for a memorial library.
SYNOPSIS: Harry S. Truman, who became United States President after Franklin D. Roosevelt's sudden death in 1945, is currently receiving hospital treatment for an intestinal disorder. Now aged eight-eight, he recently suffered a fall at his home. When he became President, Mr Truman was plunged straight into the momentous events at the end of World War Two.
He welcomed home the first American troops from Europe after VE day and set about putting America's case for a secure Europe in the late forties and fifties.
At Potsdam he worked on plans for the occupation and rehabilitation of Germany with Stalin & Churchill.
But the war in the East continued until Truman made his first great decision -- one he said he never regretted. In August, after the atomic bomb had been successfully tested, he unleashed it on Japan.
In September, 1945, the Japanese surrendered. Truman estimated a half-million Allied casualties had been saved.
Later, Mr Truman passed the Marshall Plan which poured food and supplied into Europe's war-damaged countries. In 1948, he again stood for office.
He was returned after the closest presidential contest since 1916.
Mr Truman received a tumultuous welcome as he arrive din Washington from his home town of Independence, Missouri. His victory was one of the major surprises of American politics. It meant that the Democrats had set up a new record by holding the Presidency for five successive terms.
When the Korean war broke out in 1950, Truman sent U.S. troops to support South Korea.
General MacArthur was placed in command of the United States troops. The American contingent comprised the bulk of the Untied Nations force. When MacArthur exceeded his authority by seeking to extend the war into Manchuria, President Truman removed him from command.
In 1952, Truman sprang his biggest surprise who he refused to stand again is President. His successor was General Eisenhower, the wartime Supreme Allied Commander. Truman refused all pleas to change his mind and backed Mr Adlai Stevenson as Democratic Presidential candidate. Stevenson got the nomination but lost the election to the Republican Eisenhower.
Mr Truman made a rare appearance before the cameras in 1966, for his eighty-second birthday. But much of his retirement has been spent in seclusion.
Three years ago, he reviewed marines during a Florida holiday. Now he's eighty-eight. America's elder statesman was once asked if he would ever run for President again. "Yes", he replied, "when I'm ninety years old."