The leaders of two of Angola's three rival liberation movements met in Kinshasa recently with Zaire's President Mobutu Sese Seko.
GV PAN FNLA headquarters, Kinshasa
SCU Roberto (left) in uniform, Savimbi standing outside head-quarters
GV PAN Groups of refugees outside buildings (2 shots)
SV PAN OVER Sacks of grain and refugees (3 shots)
GV Lorry leaving with sacks of grain
GV PAN OVER President Mobutu's river steamer
SV INTERIOR Savimbi and Roberto seated during talks with Mobutu (2 shots)
GV PAN Crowds at airport
SV Mobutu with Roberto and Savimbi walking to aircraft and Mobutu shaking hands with both leaders (3 shots)
Initials CL/2350 CL/0011
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Background: The leaders of two of Angola's three rival liberation movements met in Kinshasa recently with Zaire's President Mobutu Sese Seko.
The reasons for -- or results of -- the talks are not known.
It is believed President Mobutu may have been trying to foster a coalition between the Zaire-based National Front for the Liberation of Angola (F.N.L.A.), led by his brother-in-law, Holden Roberto and the smaller National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (U.N.I.T.A.), led by the charismatic Dr. Jonas Savimbi.
Such a unified force could conceivably crush the Marxist Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (M.P.L.A.) and take the load in the Portuguese colony's badly-delayed schedule for independence.
Under the deadlines set by Portugal to grant the sprawling, oil and mineral rich territory independence, elections for a constituent assembly were to have been held in October with a full transfer of power on 11 November. This now seems improbable.
Since the end of the 13-year guerrilla war, the rival liberation groups have turned on each other with the FNLA and MPLA as the main antagonists. Up to 1,000 people were believed killed in clashes between the two factions in the capital, Luanda, early last month.
The Kinshasa summit began at the FNLA's headquarters in the capital on 27 May. The following day Mr. Roberto and Dr. Savimbi joined President Mobutu on his luxury river boat for further talks.
Within days of the meeting, refugees were streaming into Luanda from towns along Angola's northern border with Zaire after heavy clashes between forces of the FNLA and MPLA.
SYNOPSIS: Within days of the Kinshasa meeting there were fresh outbreaks of heavy fighting between F.N.L.A. forces and the Marxists at towns along Angola's northern border with Zaire. This week the focus of the bloody action moved to the oil-rich northern enclave of Cabinda. Any hopes of a peaceful solution to the situation in Angola now appear lost and many fear a bloody civil war will be the unavoidable price for decolonisation and black rule.