INTRODUCTION: Two Afghan guerrilla leaders made separate trips to the United States and France this week (24 February) to seek support for their fight against the Soviet presence in their country.
GV Rebels on exercises in Najrab district.
GV Army helicopter overhead.
GV Village houses bombed by air raids. (2 SHOTS)
GV Group of rebels in Logar province.
GV & CU Rebels standing beside unexploded bomb. (2 SHOTS)
GV Destroyed army personnel carriers.
GV Group of rebels coming down mountain.
SV PAN Rebels at strategy briefing. (2 SHOTS)
SCU Rebels burning Soviet flag, in Peshawar, Pakistan.
GV Congress building in Moscow.
SCU Afghan President Babrak Karmal speaking to Soviet Congress as delegates applaud. (2 SHOTS)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Two Afghan guerrilla leaders made separate trips to the United States and France this week (24 February) to seek support for their fight against the Soviet presence in their country. Syed Ahmed Gailant, leader of the National Islamic Front sought anti-aircraft missiles and other munitions from the Americans. The other, Mohamid Amin Wardak, tribal chieftain and resistance leader of region west of Kabul, told the French the Soviets were bleeding the country's resources for Moscow and denied that any Western power was aiding the guerrillas.
SYNOPSIS: These rebels in provinces outside Kabul have for the most part had to rely on their own resources. Some weapons, mostly rifles, have reportedly reached them, but not the anti-tank and aircraft guns they have requested. Many villages have been bombed by Soviet helicopters, but the rebels are reported to be still showing a strong appetite fort the struggle. Rebel reports put the number of Afghans killed since the Soviet intervention more than a year ago at between 350,000 ane one million.
A bomb that failed to explode during an air attack is guarded by a rebel while further away a personnel carrier lies destroyed.
Lacking heavy equipment, the rebels rely heavily on their knowledge of the terrain and a high morale.
There is evidence, however, that some of the rebels are practicing a more effective form of guerrilla warfare. Instead of disorganized ambushes, more of them are setting out on sorties with clear objectives and well-laid plans of attack. Negotiations among the six rebel factions are now underway to unify their struggle against the Soviets. Diplomatic sources report members of the Soviet-backed People's Democratic party of Afghanistan are being assassinated at the rate of five a day in Kabul.
In his speech to the Soviet Congress on Wednesday (25 February) Afghan President Babrak Karmal praised Moscow for supporting his government in the face of what he described as an undeclared war against Afghanistan.
Mr. Karmal, who received a standing ovation from the congress said that, but for the Soviet's help "there would be no revolutionary, free, independent and non-aligned Afghanistan today". He described the United States as a "cruel international terrorist". In an apparent reference to Western and chinese aid to the rebels, he said the outside forces and reactionaries have not ceased their "open interference" in the affairs of the republic.