The United Nations Security Council Special Committee on Rhodesia Sanctions held the first open session in its eight-year history on Friday (November 9th).
The United Nations Security Council Special Committee on Rhodesia Sanctions held the first open session in its eight-year history on Friday (November 9th). A theme repeated in many of the speeches was that many governments, including those represented on the Sanctions Committee, closed their eyes to sanctions-breaking by their nationals.
The Security Council first voted Economic Sanctions against Rhodesia, following its Unilateral Declaration of Independence (U.D.I.) in December, 1965.
The United States, in particular, was repeatedly and strongly criticised for allowing the importation of chrome ore from Rhodesia. The U.S. Congress voted in November 1971 to except chrome form the U.N. sanctions ban, where the only alternative source would be from a communist country.
The Sudanese delegate, Mr. Rahm Atalla Abdulla, also accused the U.S. of allowing a Rhodesian tourist office in New York. He said the government had advised companies not to send messages to Rhodesia direct, due to fear of paid snoopers, which he said the Committee was rumoured to have recruited.
The U.S. delegate William Schaufele defended his country's record on sanctions, citing the prosecution of Reynolds International Incorporated, one of the largest producers of aluminum, for illegally importing ore.
No radically new proposals for extending sanctions or improving enforcement were offered during the meeting and it adjourned without any new measures being adopted. The British delegate, Mr. Kenneth Jamieson, told the committee that his country had compiled "a mass of background information" on how the "illegal trade" was carried out, and was ready to assist any country in detecting it.
SYNOPSIS: The UN Security Council Special Committee on Rhodesian Sanctions held the first open meeting in its eight-year history on Friday. The United States was criticised by Sudanese delegate Rahm Atalla Abdulla.
Without referring to chrome ore, excepted by the U.S. Congress, American delegate William Schaufele defended his country's enforcement of sanctions.
British delegate, Kenneth Jamieson, said his country was ready to help other governments control sanctions busting.