INTRODUCTION: In the United Nations debate on Namibia (South-West Africa), black African states have been pressing for sanctions against South Africa, which opposes the United Nations independence plan for the former German colony.
(MUTE) GV UN General Assembly
SV Algerian representative Mohammed Bedjaoui speaking in French (2 shots)
GV & SV Assembly, Senegal's First Counsellor Cherif Bachir Djigo speaking in French (4 shots)
(MUTE) GV Assembly
(MUTE) SV President of Assembly, Ruedigar von Wechmar
SV Ghanaian permanent representative James Gbeho speaking in English
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
MR. GBEHO: "In our view, the quickest and most effective solution would be to unite in our determination to request South Africa to abide by the decisions to hold fair and free elections in Namibia without any further delay, and under the supervision of the U.N. There are influential members of this Assembly who are capable of exerting pressure on South Africa, and we call upon them to use their political leverage to get South Africa to comply with Security Council resolution 435."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: INTRODUCTION: In the United Nations debate on Namibia (South-West Africa), black African states have been pressing for sanctions against South Africa, which opposes the United Nations independence plan for the former German colony. When the South African delegation attempted to join the Namibia debate on Monday (2 March), it was rejected.
SYNOPSIS: Algerian representative Mohammed Bedjaoui addressed the assembly on Tuesday (3 March).
Mr. Bedjaoui blamed South Africa for the breakdown of January's conference in Geneva, where the U.N. independence plan for Namibia was to be launched.
Mr. Bedjaoui called for immediate sanctions against South Africa, and expressed support for the armed struggle of the people of Namibia. The United Nations recognises the South West African People's Organisation (SWAPO), whose Angol-based guerrillas are fighting South African forces in Namibia, as the sole representative of the territory. In defiance of this decision, South African continues to administer Namibia, and rejects United Nations plans for new elections there.
Senegal's First Counsellor, Cherif Bachir Djigo, condemned South Africa's occupation of Namibia, and echoed the Algerian support for SWAPO. He said it was time to consider sanctions against South Africa.
Monsieur Djigo said all forms of help -- moral, practical, diplomatic, and military -- should be mustered to allow the Namibian people to move to genuine independence. He felt it would be an advantage to strengthen the U.N. Committee involved in this issue.
Meanwhile, on the same day in Cape Town, South Africa's Foreign Minister Pik Botha said that, if the United Nations imposed sanctions, the whole of Southern Africa would suffer, and, in South Africa itself, the victims would be the poor, the blacks.
Ghana's permanent representative, Mr. James Gbeho, addressed the assembly on Monday (2 March).