Thousands of excited Tunisians crowded the city streets Mar 28 to cheer President Bourguiba as he toured the European quarter and covered Arab souks (markets), at the end of Ramadhan - Moslem month of abstinence.
LV. Bourguiba drives through streets of Tunis.
SV. Shopkeepers offer flowers.
SV. Crowd on pavement applaud.
SV. Bourguiba leans from car to shake hands with members of the crowd.
RV. Drive continues.
LV. Flares are lit.
SV. President stands in Government place during the National Anthem.
SV. President walks to bazaar.
LTV. Walks through bazaar.
CU. Pewter pot.
SV. Flares on wall.
SV. Lamp and clothing on wall.
CU. Lighted star and crescent.
SCU. President with small child.
SV. Section of crowd.
SV. Bourguiba in shop.
SCU. Young person presents him with beribboned box.
SCU. President extracts beads from box and kisses them.
SV. Women wave.
LTV Bourguiba leaves bazaar.
SV. Press photographers.
LV. Bourguiba continues drive through streets.
SCU. Bourguiba waves to crowd.
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Background: Thousands of excited Tunisians crowded the city streets Mar 28 to cheer President Bourguiba as he toured the European quarter and covered Arab souks (markets), at the end of Ramadhan - Moslem month of abstinence.
His car was repeatedly brought to a halt by dense crowds, and merchants pressed gifts upon him. Offerings ranged from bunches of flowers to a magnificent silver casket of jewellery. Climax to the Presidential tour was a tumultuous welcome from 50,000 people assembled in Bab Souike square.
This has been the most unique Tunisian Ramadhan since the establishment of the Moslem faith 13 centuries ago. Traditionally, devout Tunisians have previously denied themselves food, drink, tobacco and forms of indulgence, from dawn to sunset, for a period of thirty of days. As a result, they tended to over-indulge and under-sleep in the night hours, and Ramadhan was a period of little constructive work.
President Bourguiba - a progressive Moslem - decided Ramadhan was "a beautiful custom" that paralyzed activity and could not be afforded in Tunisia; he condoned his break with long-established customs by showing that Mohammed accepted expediency as an excuse for breaking fast. "Break the fast and you will be stronger to confront the enemy."
So Tunisians - who have already accepted abolition of the woman's veil, and polygamy, and who tacitly ignored Ramadhan in any case - accepted the Presidential order. But this did not prevent a full-blooded celebration at the abolished fast's termination.