In Spain this weekend, there have been ceremonies commemorating the 35th anniversary of the death of the founder of the Spanish Falange, Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera.
In Spain this weekend, there have been ceremonies commemorating the 35th anniversary of the death of the founder of the Spanish Falange, Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera. Spanish head of state General Franco attended a wreath-laying ceremony and requiem mass today (Saturday) at the Valley of the Fallen, just outside Madrid. The Falangist leader was executed by a Republican firing squad in 1936 during the civil War, after being accused o siding with General Franco's Nationalists. The falange, a direct-action political movement, has since been absorbed into the National Movement, Spain's only recognised political party.
SYNOPSIS: In Madrid, the weekend was a time for ceremonies commemorating the man who founded the Spanish Falange, the direct action political movement of the 1930s which was later taken over by General Franco. Its founder, Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, was executed by a republican firing squad during the Civil War in 1936--accused of siding with General Franco's Nationalists. Falangists paying tribute on the thirty-fifth anniversary of his death included veterans of the Blue Division, which fought for Germany on the Russian front during World War Two. Some wore Hitler's Iron Cross among their medals.
Overnight, a wreath was carried the thirty miles from Madrid to the Valley of the Fallen, the monument to Civil War dead, where General France attended a remembrance service on Saturday. The head of state was accompanied by the king-designate, Prince Juan Carlos.
General Franco had been given a rousing reception by some three-thousand blue shirted Falangists. The General himself wore the blue shirt, black tie and black overcoat distinctive to the Caudillo--or supreme leader--of the National Movement which long since absorbed the Falange and is now spain???s only recognised political party. Some scuffles were reported from Madrid later on saturday as the Falangists continued their parades and Nazi-style salutes.