According to reports from Western diplomatic source in Moscow, border clashes occurred recently in the Kazakhstan frontier region between The People's Republic of China and the U.
GV Khrushchev and Mao Tse-tung sign (3 shots)
SV Train pulling into station
SV Crowds on platform cheering
SV Passengers greeted
Crowds on platform cheering
MV Crowds demonstrating outside Embassy gates with literature burning (2 shots)
SLV Demonstrators on roof
CU ZOOM IN Embassy car covered in slogans
SV Crowds at Embassy gates
GV Diplomats assisted down aircraft steps by nurses
SCU Crowds cheering
SCU Diplomats greeted (3 shots)
LV Soviet gunboat near fishing boat
SV Crew of Soviet gunboat
LV & SV Fisherman trying out water hoses from gunboat (2 shots)
SV & CU Soviet sailor beating off Chinese fishermen (2 shots)
SV Battle continues
SV Marchers through street
CU Demonstrators chanting (4 shots)
SV Demonstrators parade along past camera
LV ZOOM IN TO MV Chinese fisherman clash with Russian border guards (2 shots)
SV PAN Chinese fisherman battering Soviet armoured cars
SV & CU Dead fisherman (2 shots)
GV Funeral procession towards camera
CU Marchers chant (2 shots)
SV Marchers with wreaths and posters (2 shots)
SV Chinese & soviet border guards scuffling
SV Russian troops march past (2 shots)
SCU Russian troops in position on border (2 shots)
SV Troops bring, equipment
SV Kosygin down aircraft steps and greeted by Chou En-lai (3 shots)
LV Meeting house
SV INT Kosygin and Chou En-lai meeting (3 shots)
Initials BB/1511 WR/JB/BB/1341
EDITORS NOTE: This Visnews item shows the development of the breakdown in relations between the two Communist countries from the friendlier days of the late 1960's through the ever-increasing violence of border clashes. The item is a re-issue of Visnews Production 3023/72.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: According to reports from Western diplomatic source in Moscow, border clashes occurred recently in the Kazakhstan frontier region between The People's Republic of China and the U.S.S.R.
The report alleged that five Soviet soldiers and a number of Kazakh shepherd were killed.
The incident marks the first reported bloodshed on the Sino-Soviet border since 1969. Observers say the rumours of the clash indicate the continuing deadlock at the frontier talks between the two governments in Peking. It has been reported that the Chinese had accused the Soviet Union of trying to misrepresent the Chinese position with regard to the frontier.
Since the early 1960's, tensions between The People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union have grown and relations steadily deteriorated. The disagreements which have included fighting and mass displays of antagonism, have been based on ideological arguments as well as the border dispute.
SYNOPSIS: In Peking in 1958, Chairman Mao Tse-tung of the People's Republic of China and soviet Premier-Khrushchev signed an alliance agreement. But this month's report of alleged renewed border fighting, in which five soviet soldiers died, and a series of similar incidents in recent years, has seen a steady deterioration of that alliance. In Peking during 1967, Chinese Red Guards demonstrated their disapproval over Russian border Guard tactics. They staged a series of protests outside the Russian Embassy.
Initial Sino-Soviet dissentions followed the return of a party of Chinese diplomats to Peking. They claimed they'd been assaulted on leaving the Soviet capital. One reason for the coolness between the two nations was China's feeling that Russian leaders had betrayed Marxist ideals.
But the main reason for the growing tension was the joint border. In 1967 Chinese fishermen and Soviet sailors clashed on the Ussuri River. The Chinese claimed the presence of Soviet patrol boats trying to stop the fishing, initiated the trouble. There were similar incidents in this area in 1969.
The Chinese demonstrated their anger over the border scuffles by staging huge demonstrations through the country's cities. The marchers condemned Soviet claims for the Ussuri River and Damasky Island, which is in the river.
Clashes also flared along the border on the Amur River. This time Chinese fishermen battled with Soviet border guards.
The Soviet Union sent in armoured personnel carriers and, according to the Chinese, four fishermen were killed.
A mass funeral procession was later held in Peking and portraits of the dead were carried by the thousands of marchers who took part.
Tensions in the border regions have continued in recent years and have been highlighted again this month. The report claimed Soviet troops had clashed with Chinese intruders near the Kazakhstan region. The Chinese deny the reports which allege that a number of Kazakh shepherds were killed along with the Soviet soldiers.
Observers say the report of renewed clashes indicate the border negotiations, reopened by Mr. Kosygin in Peking in 1969, are now at a complete deadlock. According to the observers, china has demanded the withdrawal of Soviet troops from dispute border regions as a first condition to a possible settlement.