• Short Summary

    THIS WEEK THE UNITED STATES AND CUBA REACHED AN AGREEMENT TO FACILITATE THE RETURN OF PASSENGERS ON HI-JACKED PLANES TO THE UNITED STATES.

  • Description

    THIS WEEK THE UNITED STATES AND CUBA REACHED AN AGREEMENT TO FACILITATE THE RETURN OF PASSENGERS ON HI-JACKED PLANES TO THE UNITED STATES. BUT THE THOUSAND ILLEGAL REFUGEES FROM CUBA WHO LAST YEAR REACHED UNITED STATES PROTECTION AT THE GUANTANAMO NAVAL BASE DID NOT FIND THEIR WAY SMOOTHED BY ANY EVIDENCE OF INCREASED INTERNATIONAL GOODWILL. THE BASE, ON THE COASTLINE OF THE ORIENTE PROVINCE, IS SURROUNDED BY TWO LINES OF BARBED WIRE FENCE PATROLLED BY ARMED GUARDS - ONE LINE AMERICAN, ONE CUBAN. THE WATER FRONTIER BETWEEN THE BASE AND THE REST OF THE ISLAND IS GUARDED BY ARMED PATROL BOATS.

    SINCE 1960 THE CUBAN GOVERNMENT HAS SEVERAL TIMES THREATENED TO SEIZE THE BASE. FIVE YEARS AGO THE MAINLAND WATER SUPPLY WAS CUT OFF, BUT THE UNITED STATES NAVY BUILT A DESALINISATION PLANT THAT NOW SUPPLIES ITS NEED. OTHER SUPPLIES ARE FERRIED IN BY THE NAVY, BY SEA OR AIR.

    TEN THOUSAND PEOPLE, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL AND THEIR DEPENDANTS, LIVE INSIDE THE BASE, WHICH COVERS FORTY-FIVE SQUARE MILES. AMONG THEM IS A VILLAGE OF ABOUT 100 CUBAN VETERAN WORKERS ON THE BASE WHO CANNOT LEAVE IT TO RETURN TO THE REST OF THE ISLAND. THERE ARE STILL FOUR HUNDRED CUBAN WORKERS GOING INTO THE BASE DAILY; BEFORE THE CASTRO GOVERNMENT CAME TO POWER THERE WERE THREE THOUSAND. NO NEW CUBANS ARE BEING HIRED. JAMAICANS ARE EMPLOYED INSTEAD. AS FOR THE STREAM OF REFUGEES, ONCE THEY REACH THE BASE THE UNITED STATES ASSUMES RSPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR WELFARE. IT HAS BEEN ESTIMATED THAT ABOUT HALF OF THOSE WHO TRY, REACH IT ALIVE. ITS DEFENCES INCLUDE LAND MINES.

    THE UNITED STATES SET UP THE BASE, WHICH NOW INCLUDES FORTIFICATIONS AND AIRFIELDS, BY TREATY IN 1903. STRATEGICALLY, IT COMMANDS THE WINDWARD PASSAGE LINKING THE ATLANTIC TO THE CARRIBEAN AND PANAMA.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA1XYGOWJXXSTKYVC2FDOR1TND0
    Media URN:
    VLVA1XYGOWJXXSTKYVC2FDOR1TND0
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    14/02/1969
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:01:59:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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