Spain became a monarchy again on Saturday (22 November) when Prince Juan Carlos de Borbon was sworn in as King Juan Carlos the first in a solemn but colourful ceremony in the Cortes, the Spanish Parliament, in Madrid.
GV JAUN Carlos and Queen Sofia on dais
GV Parliamentarians applauding (2 shots)
SV Juan Carlos and Queen
SV juan Carlos taking oath and Valcarcel makes speech
SV Juan Carlos and Queen
GV & SV Parliamentarians applaud as Juan Carlos stands to acknowledge (3 shots)
SV & GV People standing to applaud ( 2 shots)
GV EXT Juan Carlos and Queen down steps accompanied by military chiefs
GV Juan Carlos taking salute as troops march past
Spain's Prince Juan Carlos de Borbon became King Juan Carlos the First at a swearing-in ceremony before his wife, Queen Sofia, and the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes, in Madrid on Saturday.
The oath to office was administered by Senor Alejandro Rodriguez de Varcarcel, President of the Cortes and the three-man Regency council, which took power in the Prince's name after the death of General Franciso Franco on Thursday. The Prince's succession revives the monarchy in Spain after a break of forty-four years, the last thirty-nine years, the country was ruled by General Franco after the Nationalists' victory in the bitter civil war. Six years ago, the General nominated the 37-year-old Prince as his heir.
Following the swearing-in, the new King pledged himself to uphold the principles of the Franco administration and the Spanish constitution. However, he also recognised the demands for reform in the country and promised to maintain the closest ties with the people. He said the monarchy would be a faithful guardian of the nation's freedom, peace, justice and economic prosperity.
With his succession, King Juan Carlos holds the office of head of state and commander of the Spanish armed forces. Accompanied by the Queen and military chiefs he then undertook his first formal duties as the new leader ... reviewing a huge march-past of uniformed troops. Under General Franco, the army played a vital role in maintaining the country's right-wing stand. ??? expected to oppose any moves Juan Carlos may make towards introducing more liberal elements into the constitution. It will also play an important role should opposition or secessionist factions in the country provoke violence in the forthcoming months.
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Background: Spain became a monarchy again on Saturday (22 November) when Prince Juan Carlos de Borbon was sworn in as King Juan Carlos the first in a solemn but colourful ceremony in the Cortes, the Spanish Parliament, in Madrid.
The Prince was nominated to become Spain's next monarch in 195\69, to succeed head of state the man who ruled Spain for 36 years from 1939, the ? ? Francisco Franco who died on Thursday (20 November) after a month-long decline.
The 37-year-old Prince was formally sworn to office as monarch, head of state and head of the Spanish armed forces by Senor Alejandro Rodriguez de Valcarcel, President of the Cortes and the three-man Regency Council which took power in his name following General Franco's death.
The new King swore to uphold the principles of the Franco administration and the Spanish constitution...pledges which incorporate many areas of legislation that opposition factions in Spain would like changed.
However, making his first speech as King, Juan Carlos promised the Spanish nation a greater political voice, peace, justice and economic prosperity. "A free and modern society requires the participation of all forums of decision, in the information media, in various educational levels and in the control of the national wealth", he said.
Nothing the prosperous economic legacy left by General Franco -- whose state funeral will take place on Sunday (23 November) -- King Juan Carlos promised that the monarch would be "a faithful guardian" which would attempt "at all times of maintain the closest ties with the people".
In addition, he recognised that modern Spain sought internal change. "To listen to, channel and stimulate these demands is for me a duty that I ???" he declared.
Thousands of people waited outside the Cortes during the oath-taking ceremony to cheer the new King as he emerged with his wife, queen Sofia, and his three children.
Following the swearing-in ceremony, the King undertook his first duty as Spain's new commander-in-chief...taking the salute at a huge march-past of uniformed troops.