Workers throughout Europe celebrated International Labour Day this year with mass rallies and political protests.?
CU: Red flag PAN TO GV Red Square with floats and people marching. (2 SHOTS)
GV ZOOM INTO MV: Soviet leaders on balcony of Kremlin look on as children dance in Red Square. (2 SHOTS)
MV: Balloons fly into sky.
GVs: People and floats move through Red Square watched by Soviet leaders. (3 SHOTS)
CU: Soldier PULL BACK TO MV demonstrators in Istanbul, Turkey.
MVs: Police searching people. (2 SHOTS)
MV: Banner PULL BACK TO GV march.
GV: Giant banner PULL BACK TO HIGH ANGLE march. (2 SHOTS)
CU: Anti-Neutron bomb placard PULL OUT TO MV demonstrators in Warsaw, Poland.
MV: Edward Gierek, Polish President waving marchers.
MV: Marchers with placards. (2 SHOTS)
GV: Placard on side of building PULL BACK TO HIGH ANGLE march.
GV: Marchers carrying banners through streets of Madrid, Spain.
MVs: Men and children marching through streets. (2 SHOTS)
GV ZOOM INTO MV: Senor Camacho and Carrillo embrace on dias as crowds look on. (2 SHOTS)
MV: Camacho speaking PAN TO Carrillo listening.
GV: Crowd applaud.
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Background: Workers throughout Europe celebrated International Labour Day this year with mass rallies and political protests. There were occasional outbreaks to violence in parts of Spain, where May day parades were officially allowed for the first time in 40 years. But in Turkey there were no re-occurrence of the violence which lead to 38 deaths last year. In Moscow, the traditional parade through the Red Square passed peacefully under the eyes of members of the ruling Politburo.
SYNOPSIS: In Moscow, the May day parade through the Red Square ??? its usual colourful affair. Thousands of workers, children and gymnasts marched through the square in well rehearsed fashion. They were watched from the roof of Lenin's mausoleum by President Breznnev and other leading Politburo members.
For the ninth year in succession the military played no part in the 90-minute marchpast, which this year paid special tribute to the 71-year-old President. But according to Reuters, troops and hundreds of police were well in evidence, carrying out rigorous security measures in the city centre, which was sealed off soon after dawn.
May day celebrations in Istanbul, Turkey, were marked with strict security measures. Following last year's celebrations in which 38 people were killed by roof-top snipers, police made periodic body searches to check for hidden arms.
But the extremists who were held responsible for last year's violence maintained a low profile, and this year's rally in Taksim Square passed without incidents. A crowd of over 100,000 workers affiliated to Disk, the Marxist Labour Federation, paraded through the square. Later a two minute silence was observed to commemorate last year's deaths.
May day in the Polish capital, Warsaw was celebrated with the traditional civilian parade down the city's Marszalkowska street. The event was also used for an attack on nuclear weapons. Communist leader, Edward Gierek delivered a seven minute address from a podium in front of the city's Palace of Culture. In his speech, the Polish leader attacked the controversial Neutron bomb and other weapons of mass destruction, which were likely to be used in modern warfare.
May day 1978 was an historic day in Spain. For the first time in over 40 years, Spaniards were allowed to legally celebrate the traditional workers holiday. The biggest rally took place in Madrid where thousands of trade unionists marched to the city centre. There, Communist leader Santiago Carrillo, and Marcelino Camacho addressed the rally which had been organised by the Socialist General Workers Union and Communist-led workers commissions. Although the Madrid rally passed peacefully, there were violent outbreaks in other parts of Spain. In his address Senor Carrillo told the crowd that 40 years of tyranny had ended.