Celebrations in Cyprus this weekend (31 March - 1st April) of the April 1st anniversary of the Eoka uprising, which brought an end to British rule in Cyprus, were in low key this year because of new violence and tension of the island.
GV EXT Nicosia Central Prison
SV Entrance to cemetery
SV PAN Graves of Eoka men (4 shots)
SV Col. Papoutsas enters and lays wreath & salutes (3 shots)
GV Greek Army Camp entrance
SV Parade and flags (2 shots)
SCU PAN Archbishop Makarios (nearest) arrives
CU Officers salute
CU & SV Archbishop at service (3 shots)
SV People watch as Makarios walks forward and lays wreaths (2 shots)
CU Police officer salutes as commander of Greek contingent Haralampopoulos walks forward and lays wreath (2 shots)
SV & LV Makarios leaving (2 shots)
Initials BB/1840 GR/MR/BB/1855
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Background: Celebrations in Cyprus this weekend (31 March - 1st April) of the April 1st anniversary of the Eoka uprising, which brought an end to British rule in Cyprus, were in low key this year because of new violence and tension of the island.
The government has cancelled the usual military parades amid accusations that the former Eoka leader, General George Grivas, is leading a campaign by armed groups to overthrow President Makarios by force and achieve the original Eoka aim of Union with Greece -- Enosis.
General Grivas has been in hiding in Cyprus since his return to the country from Greece in September 1971. Two weeks ago authoritative sources said the government had received warnings that a coup might be attempted by Grivas groups on Sunday (1st April) -- the 18th anniversary of the uprising.
On Saturday (31st March), in one of the few public events marking the anniversary, Cyprus head of state, Archbishop Makarios, conducted a church service at the Greek Army camp in Nicosia in memory of Greek Cypriots who lost their lives in the Eoka campaign of the 1950's.
SYNOPSIS: Much of the Nicosia Central Prison in Cyprus was filled, eighteen years ago, with many members of Eoka - the organisation that fought for independence form British rule. Eoka men who had died in the prison now lie in the prison-graveyard, side by side with others who died in the street-battles of the 1950's.
On Saturday, a brief service in the cemetery honoured these men celebrating the anniversary of the uprising that finally gained independence for the Mediterranean island. A wreath was laid by the Commander of the Greek Army in Cyprus, Colonel Papoutsas.
Another commemoration service was held on Saturday at the Greek Army's camp in Nicosia.
Cyprus head-of-state Archbishop Makarios arrived to conduct the service, which was also attended by Greek and other diplomatic representatives.
The Ceremony -- in honour of Greek Cypriots who lost their lives in the uprising -- was one of the few conducted during the weekend. All other celebrations and military parades normally marking Eoka day, had been cancelled because of the current wave of tension and violence on the island. In the past weeks, bombs have exploded in many parts of Cyprus. The night before this ceremony, a Greek Cypriot was shot and wounded by three gunmen, and two police-stations were raided last week by armed men who seized weapons and ammunition. President Makarios has accused former Eoka leader General George Grivas of formen??? the violence.