• Short Summary

    China announces that the 1970 harvest is one of the largest on record.

    Reports coming in?

  • Description

    China announces that the 1970 harvest is one of the largest on record.

    Reports coming in from all over China suggest that the 1970 harvest is very nearly a record. No precis statistics are yet being issued, but the authorities claim that in some areas, particularly in Hunan, centre of China's "rice bowl", crop yields have reached record levels. This is not merely attributed to good weather; extensive irrigation plus land improvements by the communes are reported to have fended off disaster in many areas when spring rains hit the early crop.

    The commune organisation began in 1958. At that time, it was derided by foreign critics. The chinese government claimed, however, that only a large scale form of collectivisation could concentrate effort sufficiently in China to carry out the necessary improvements to agricultural land. Communes, in their present phase, cover an average of four thousand acres and at least a dozen villages. Their work force usually numbers 4,000 broken down into four production brigades.

    Members are paid by a system of work points over the year, with housing education and medical treatment provided free of charge. Most of the houses are still privately owned and so are the small patches of land allowed to each peasant for private cultivation. These private plots are deliberately kept small so that none can derive an extra income from them.

    The government claims that only by the combined efforts of the peasants can Chinese agricultural output be increased. A great deal depends on large-scale land improvement schemes which demand well-organised work forces. But the communes are also the nucleus of small industrial schemes which bring mechanical knowledge into the countryside and span the gap between peasant and industrial worker.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    Media URN:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Issue Date:
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Time in/Out:

Comments (0)

We always welcome comments and more information about our films.
All posts are reactively checked. Libellous and abusive comments are forbidden.

Add your comment