In Havana, President Samora Machel of Mozambique urged the Non-Aligned Summit to repulse what he called attempts by imperialism to divide and confuse the 96-member organisation.
GV Assembly hall
CU Mozambique President Samora Machel addressing delegates
CU Delegates listening
LV Machel being applauded
CU Cuban President Fidel Castro applauding and general assembly (2 shots)
MV SWAPO leader Sam Nujoma at cocktail party
CU Castro greeting Ethiopian President Mengistu Haile Mariam (2 shots)
CU Castro greeting PLO leader Yasser Arafat (3 shots)
MV Castro greets Patriotic Front leader Joshua Nkomo
MV Castro greeting Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda
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Background: In Havana, President Samora Machel of Mozambique urged the Non-Aligned Summit to repulse what he called attempts by imperialism to divide and confuse the 96-member organisation. Mr. Machel's speech on the second day (4 September) of the five-day summit followed a fiery attack by Cuban President, Fidel Castro, on Monday (3 September) against what he termed "Yankee and Chinese imperialism."
SYNOPSIS: In a two-hour speech, President Samora Machel declared: "Since when does imperialism have the right to indicate the paths towards political and social emancipation? Since when have those who colonised Puerto Rico, occupied Guantanamo, denied Panama the right to its Canal, those who dismembered the Comores, installed bases in the Indian Ocean and supported Pretoria and Tel Aviv, turned into authorities on Non-Alignment?"
Cuban President, Fidel Castro, stood to lead the applause. He has been accused by several members of seeking to shift the movement closer to the Soviet Union. At a cocktail party on Tuesday night (4 September) Fidel Castro, the new Chairman of the Non-Aligned Movement, had a chance to speak to several delegates, including Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) leader, Yasser Arafat. On Wednesday (5 September) Mr. Arafat launched a sharp attack on Egypt for betraying the Arab cause by signing a treaty with Israel.
Zimbabwe-Rhodesian Patriotic Front leader, Joshua Nkoma also received a warm welcome. Representatives of all the front line states confronting Rhodesia and the Patriotic Front are also attending the summit. In a speech on Monday (3 September), Zambian President, Kenneth Kaunda, made an urgent appeal to the oil producers to invest their revenue in poor developing countries instead of in the United States and Western Europe, and congratulated Nigeria for its recent move to nationalise the British Petroleum Company.