The Rhodesian situation-and while diplomatic efforts throughout southern Africa towards a peaceful settlement intensified towards the weekend, nationalist guerrillas in Mozambique have rejected outright the whole Anglo-American proposals package.
The Rhodesian situation-and while diplomatic efforts throughout southern Africa towards a peaceful settlement intensified towards the weekend, nationalist guerrillas in Mozambique have rejected outright the whole Anglo-American proposals package. They continued their raids from across the border, and also flatly condemned black African involvement in the negotiations. But Rhodesian nationalist faction leaders, Joshua Nkomo and Bishop Abel Muzorewa, met secretly and afterwards announced a united front to take part in the negotiations.
SYNOPSIS: Last Tuesday (28 September) guerrillas of the Zimbabwe People's Army, the group based in Mozambique which has rejected the entire peace package, crept up to a lonely farmhouse in the heart of the operation area and lunched an attack with automatic rifle fire and rockets. Leaflets in English, and a local African language were left behind.
The leaflets made this raid significant. The war goes on, they said. Down with Kissinger, Kaunda, the sellout, Vorster and Nkomo.
Botswana, meanwhile, celebrating its tenth anniversary of independence on Thursday (30 September), became a platform for intense behind-the scenes negotiations. President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, leaving for home on Friday (1 October), said he had managed to bring together Joshua Nkomo and Bishop Abel Muzorewa, and persuaded them to unite. I told them it's their country, he said.
As British envoy Mr. Ted Rowlands left Botswana, Mr. Knomo and Bishop Muzorewa were announcing their reunion and the Bishop's plans to return home from exile.
Meanwhile, as Mr. Rowlands was arriving in Muputo, the Mozambique capital, to be met by Dr. Henry Kissinger's deputy, Mr. William Schaufels, the Zimbabwe Liberation Army was displaying weapons it said it captured in raids into Rhodesia.
In Rhodesia itself, the armed forces were being shown off in a ceremonial presentation of medals for gallantry, earned in the guerrilla war. The nation's new Minister of Justice, Law and Order, Mr. Hilary Squires, did the honours. The question of who will control the nation's security forces is one of the major stumbling blocks in the preliminary negotiations to set up an interim government leading to majority rule in two years time.
The settlement proposals call for the interim government to be composed equally of black and white members. But Rhodesian leader Mr. Ian Smith says, however, that the security forces would come under a white minister.