VARIOUS LOCATIONS, SOUTH AFRICA
South Africa's extreme right-wing whites are mobilising for a concerted attach on the National Party Government.
VARIOUS LOCATIONS, SOUTH AFRICA
1. JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA: AV Town. GVs & SVs Mining area. SV Pithead. Miners leaving pit. (4 SHOTS) 0.12
2. JOHANNESBURG, 1948 (MONO): SV PAN Daniel Malan on steps of residence with wife and Governor. TV PAN Mass United Party meeting. (7 SHOTS) 0.29
3. SHARPEVILLE, 1960: SV PAN African demonstrators. SCU Bodies in street and police vehicles. (4 SHOTS) 0.43
4. COUNTRY CATTLE SHOW, 1960: SV Verwoerd at show. SV ZOOM INTO CU Verwoerd bleeding after being shot. 0.52
5. JOHANNESBURG, 1977. (COLOUR): GVs & SVs Black Africans lining-up outside administration centre. INTERIOR. Waiting for pass-books to be stamped. People lining-up. (8 SHOTS) 1.14
6. BOKSBURG & ELDORADE PARK, NEAR JOHANNESBURG, FEBRUARY 1983: SV & PAN White woman heckling Labour Party leader. SV ZOOM INTO CU Allan Hendrickse Labour Party leader on stage. GV Woman on stage throws fruit and is hit in return. SV Fighting continues as audiences leaves. SV EXTERIOR Riot police beat demonstrators lined up along wall. SV INTERIOR Dissenting Labour Party members heckling at Eldorade Park meeting. Fighting breaks out in audience. Demonstrators throw chairs. GV EXTERIOR Riot police fire tear gas to disperse crowd. GVs & SVs Allan Hendrickse leaves meeting with police protection. (12 SHOTS) 2.09
7. LOUIS TRICHARDT, NORTHERN TRANSVAAL; GV Main street. CU National Party sign PAN DOWN TO Posters of P.W. Botha. TV Arrival of Botha at Nationalist Party rally. SCU Botha speaking at rally (SOT). (6 SHOTS) 2.47
8. JOHANNESBURG, OCTOBER 1983: GVs & SVs People walking in street. Demonstrators with placards. People handing out leaflets. SV Woman demonstrator being arrested and put in police van. CU PULL OUT TO GV Police dog barking at black passer-by. (7 SHOTS) 3.14
9. PRETORIA, MAY 4, 1984: GV INTERIOR Delegates at meeting. SV PAN Dr. Treurnicht leading Professor Boshoff into hall. GV PAN Delegates. SCU Professor Boshoff speaking. SCU Delegates. SV ZOOM INTO CU Jaap Marais speaking. SV Audience clapping. CU Dr. Treurnicht speaking. (8 SHOTS) 4.05
SPEECH (TRANSCRIPT) BOTHA: (SEQ 7) "Unless you are prepared to recognise and take cognisance of the fact that this is a country of minorities, unless you are prepared to deal with that in a practical way, you cannot govern South Africa properly."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: VARIOUS LOCATIONS, SOUTH AFRICA
South Africa's extreme right-wing whites are mobilising for a concerted attach on the National Party Government. They are angry at plans to give limited legislative power later this year to Indians and Coloureds (people of mixed race). They view the reforms as potentially dangerous liberalism which betrays rigidly enforced traditional apartheid principles of racial segregation and white supremacy. The split in the close-knit world of Afrikanerdom has been highlighted by the formation of a new party -- the Africkanervolkswag (Afrikaner People's Guard). The head of the secretive, influential and National Party dominated Afrikaner Broederbond (Brotherhood) Carel Boshoff resigned to set up the Volkswag. The new party has become a major right-wing rallying point and will undoubtedly pose a strong challenge to the government of P.W. Botha.
SYNOPSIS: From a small, and insignificant, colony South Africa has grown to one of the richest and most powerful of nations using a combination of natural resources and plentiful African labour.
It was in May 1948 that Daniel Malan, drawing on the support of Afrikans farmers brought the Nationalist Party to a surprise election victory. The Afrikaners, who make up 60 per cent of the white population, introduced the code of laws which later became known as apartheid and separated white and black for ever.
The introduction of separate development was speeded up in 1960 following the Sharpeville incident. Sixty-seven African demonstrators died in a hail of police gunfire. World opinion was outraged and the Nationalists reacted by clamping down sharply on black dissidents.
But opposition continued. An English farmer shot Prime Minister Verwoerd at a 1960 cattle show. He survived only to be assassinated six years later. He was known as the architect of apartheid. His widow Betsy, 83, was present at the inaugural meeting of the Volkswag on May 4.
At the heart of apartheid is the pass-book system. The pass states where each black is allowed to live and work -- he cannot move to another part of the country or take another job without government approval. It represents the white control over the black majority. Under the new reforms the country's 23 million blacks are again excluded from central government.
They showed their scorn for the new proposals at a number of meetings held by the South Labour Party which has given qualified acceptance of the reforms. The meetings in the Transvaal witnessed stormy scenes as the dissenters objected to the exclusion of blacks from the proposals. A three-chamber Parliament of Whites, Asians and Coloureds is envisaged. Labour Party leader Allan Hendrickse was forced to take shelter when hecklers threw fruit, eggs and glasses. At another meeting a chair fight broke out in the audience. Police used tear gas to disperse demonstrators and the Labour Party leader had to leave under police protection.
Northern Transvaal is predominantly an agricultural community and it is here that the opposition to the reforms is strongest. The largely white farming community is in no mood for political change. The ruling National Party managed to hold onto three seats out of four in crucial by-elections last May although the ultra-right Conservative party made large inroads into previous safe majorities. At an election rally P.W. Botha spelt out his policy on reform.
Meanwhile, opposition to the reforms continued -- and not only from the far right. In Johannesburg thousands of supporters of anti-apartheid groups attended mass rallies las October. Police were out in force and hundred of people were arrested.
This was the meeting which launched the new Volkswag Party. It was an emotional rally attended by some 7,000 people. It brought together the leaders of the two ultra Right-wing political parties Dr. Andries Treunicht of the Conservative Party and Jaap Marais of the Herstigte Nasional Party, both breakaway groups from the ruling party. Also present was the founder, Professor Carel Boshoff who is the son-in-law of Dr. Verwoerd. The Broederbond has lost an unknown number of adherents to the new group but it still has an estimated 12,000 members who hold high positions in government, education, the police, broadcasting and commerce. The Congress condemned what it called the Government's liberal tendencies. The new Volkswag -- or People's Watchman -- could pose the most serious threat yet to the ruling National Party.
Source: REUTERS LIBRARY AND REUTERS - LOUIS BREYTENBACH