INTRODUCTION African States formally submitted five resolutions to the Security Council on Wednesday (29 April) calling for mandatory sanctions against South Africa for failing to grant independence to Namibia, formerly known as South West Africa.
GV U.N. Security Council meeting
SV Mr. Koh of Singapore speaking
SV Japanese representative
SV Frank Abdulah of Trinidad and Tobago speaking
GV Security Council meeting
SV Jacques Leprette speaking in French
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
KOH: (SEQ. 2) "It is in the interests of the five Western countries to ensure the prompt and faithful implementation of the Security Council resolution. I say this because those Western countries are the advocates of the process of peaceful change. They have told us time and again that peaceful change is preferable to violence. It is therefore in the interests of the Western countries to ensure that the process of peaceful change in Namibia succeeds. If the Western countries are not prepared to put pressure on South Africa in order to melt its intransigence, then the process of peaceful change has failed."
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
ABDULAH: (SEQ. 4) "The repeated attempts to bring about an independent stable self-governing democratic Namibia by the exercise of reason through negotiations at an international level have not brought about the desired results. It is indeed past the time to proceed forthwith with other alternatives. The adoption by the Security Council of a comprehensive programme of economic sanctions on the one hand, and the extension by the international community of all possible assistance to the struggling people of Namibia under the leadership of SWAPO and the other, is the very least we can expect if we are not see the present armed struggle degenerate into a full-scale war with all its dire consequences."
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Background: INTRODUCTION African States formally submitted five resolutions to the Security Council on Wednesday (29 April) calling for mandatory sanctions against South Africa for failing to grant independence to Namibia, formerly known as South West Africa. The Council has been debating the issue of Namibia-South West Africa for more than a week. There was no indication when the African sponsors would press for a vote on their proposals.
SYNOPSIS: Singapore Ambassador Tommy Koh was one of the early speakers.
The African Committee of 24 Chairman, Frank Abdulah of Trinidad and Tabago, spoke against delays.
The French representative, Jacques Leprette:
Monsieur Leprette said that Resolution 435 must remain the solid basis for solution of the Namibia-South West Africa question. He said the Security Council must consider ways of overcoming the obstacles raised at Geneva. He added that the Contract Group was still committed to a solution, but it was too early for precise proposals. He did not believe that recourse to sanctions would enable Namibia-South West Africa to achieve independence this year. He said his delegation was convinced that neither the time for negotiation was over, nor that the positions of the parties was so disparate that there was no hope left.