China and Japan, two of the world's superpowers' are due on Monday (October 23) to formally conclude a treaty that represents a major change in Asian and Far Eastern strategic and political affairs.
China and Japan, two of the world's superpowers' are due on Monday (October 23) to formally conclude a treaty that represents a major change in Asian and Far Eastern strategic and political affairs. China's Communist Party Vice-Chairman, Teng Hsiao-ping will visit Tokyo to exchange ratification documents of the peace and friendship treaty that was signed in Peking in August.
SYNOPSIS: The process began six years ago. The meeting in Peking between Chairman Mao Tse-tung and Japan's Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka signalled a return to normal relations, after more than seventy-five years of division and tension.
The five-day visit in September 1972 ended with a joint statement that the two countries wanted to end what were described "abnormal state of affairs" between them. Signed for China by Premier Chou En-lai, the statement preface predicted the opening of what was termed as a new page in their relations.
Diplomatic relations were established. The agreement also stressed that Japan recognised the Peking Regime as the only legal government of China--and that China gave up demands for war damages payment from Japan. As the celebrations marking the statement began, moves were underway behind the scenes to conclude a moro important peace and friendship treaty.
In Tokyo, crowds watched live satellite coverage of the visit. For most Japanese, the ceremonies marked a turning point: the successful conclusion of what had been Japan's first major independent foreign policy decision since the Second World War.
Because of the accord, Taiwan announced it had broken diplomatic relations with Japan. But for Japan, the accord ended the effects of its 1931 invasion of Manchuria. The history of conflicts between the two countries dated back to a war in 1994 over rivalry for Korea. Japan's invasion of Manchuria eventually grew into full-scale war between them - and then into the wider conflict of World War Two. The Manchurian war was not formally declared finished until 1972.
Two months ago, after the six years of talks, the peace and friendship treaty was finally signed in Peking. The signatories were the two Foreign Ministers-Huang Hua for China and Sunao Sonoda for Japan. They had signed a document that is seen to represent a new shift in Asia's strategic balance. Now, China's huge population is linked with Japan's economic and technological expertise--an achievement of immense importance, not only to Asia, but to the rest of the World.
The Soviet Union has said it regards the treaty as fraught with danger and hostile to itself, while it is widely seen as drawing China closer to the United States.
When China's Deputy Prime Minister Teng Hsiao-ping comes to Japan for the final ceremony on Monday (October 23), the central significance will be the symbolic new alliance of two world powers, separated ideologically of late but nonetheless neighbours with a common culture and common economic interests.