Fifteen years ago, on July 3rd, 1962, President de Gaulle of France recognised the inevitable and proclaimed Algeria and independent state.
1962: CO: Algerian flag PAN DOWN TO jubilant crowds in street. (3 shots) Black and white, Mute.
1963: SV: Ben Bella taking oath. (3 shots)
1964: SV: Ben Bella and Boumedienne at military parade. (3 shots)
1972: SV: President Boumedienne walking into village, applauded by workers (3 shots) (colour) (sound)
SV AND MV: oil installations and workers (4 shots)
1973: SV: Arafat greeted at airport.
MV: Gaddafi and Boumedienne walking across tarmac, enter building.
MV: Boumedienne and Sadat walk to airport building
MV: Boumedienne entering hall for OPEC conference, Saudi Arabian delegation (2 shots)
CU: Boumedienne speaking, audience (3 shots)
1975: SV: Boumedienne and Giscard walking from aircraft past crowd, driving off in motorcade (3 shots)
MV: Polisario guerrillas in camp and patrolling. (3 shots)
MV: Boumedienne sign new constitution
SV: election crowd with banners and placards.
MV: elector voting
SV: Boumedienne enters National Assembly.
MCU: members listening to speech.
MCU: Boumedienne listening.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Fifteen years ago, on July 3rd, 1962, President de Gaulle of France recognised the inevitable and proclaimed Algeria and independent state. In the years that followed, mostly under the leadership of President Houari Boumedienne, the country has achieved a substantial measure of political stability and an influential position in the Arab world, and is developing considerable economic potential.
SYNOPSIS: Algiers on independence day -- with the people showing delight and relief that eight years of war against France, and counter-terror by resistant French settlers, had at last come to an end.
Mohammed Ben Bella emerged from a fractional struggle among the leaders of the National Liberation Front to become the First Prime Minister of the new state. A year later, he was elected President.
But he became increasingly dictatorial, and did not last long in office. In June 1965, he was overthrown and imprisoned by his former army chief, now his Defence Minister, Colonel Houari Boumedienne.
For eleven years, Colonel Boumedienne has presided over the economic development of Algeria on socialist lines. The redistribution of land has been an important part of his policy.
So has the nationalisation of the country's growing oil resources. Algeria, which started producing crude oil in 1958, now ranks seventh among Middle East and Arab producers.
The Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, arriving in Algiers for a non-aligned summit meeting. Algeria has consistently supported the Palestinian case in the Arab-Israeli conflict, and is also committed to the policy of non-alignment. Colonel Gaddafi, leader of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah, and President Sadat of Egypt were also at this conference, held in 1973.
The oil exporting countries held their summit conference in Algiers in 1975. Algeria has usually backed the "hard-liners" in pressing for increased oil prices -- though on this occasion President Boumedienne in his opening speech left room for some flexibility of approach.
The same year, Monsieur Giscard D'Estaing paid the first visit by a French President to Algiers since independence. Relations between the two counties has been strained by the appropriation of French-owned land, and the nationalisation of French oil installations, and are still not entirely harmonious; but France remains Algeria's main trading partner.
Algeria's support for the Polisario guerrillas, who are fighting for the independence of the Western Sahara, has made for renewed difficulties with her immediate western neighbour, Morocco. When Spain withdrew from the territory, Morocco and Mauritania divided it between themselves.
At home, recent months have seen major changes in the structure of Algeria's institutions. Last December, President Boumedienne officially endorsed a new constitution, which had already been almost unanimously approved in a referendum.
In a presidential election at the same time. Colonel Boumedienne was the only candidate, but it gave him his first formal endorsement from the electorate. A national assembly was elected in February -- the country's first parliament for 12 years. The Council of the Revolution was dissolved. Algeria had made the transition -- in the words of President Boumedienne -- from revolutionary legitimacy to constitutional legitimacy.