The streets are being re-named and so is Lourenco Marques itself, for African Nationalists are in full control of the East African State of Mozambique this month (June) after 500 years of Portuguese rule.
GV Lourenco Marques
Cu Flags and posters being put up in streets (3 shots)
CU College notice board
CU Soldier with gun in classroom
GV Other students in class (5 shots)
Initials BB/0120 BA/AH/BB/0130
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Background: The streets are being re-named and so is Lourenco Marques itself, for African Nationalists are in full control of the East African State of Mozambique this month (June) after 500 years of Portuguese rule.
An independence "flame of unity" is already on its way, carried by runners down the length of Mozambique for the handover ceremony in Louranco Marques -- soon to become Can Phumo -- on 15 June.
From that date Mozambique will be ruled by Frelimo, the Mozambique Liberation Front, which fought a 10-year guerrilla war for independence and has been heading a transitional government since last September.
Frelimo has set education as its main priority. The code word is "alphabetization" and slogans are numerous: "to produce is to learn"; "books are our best friends".
AS independence day approaches schools and evening classes are springing up throughout the country.
The text books encompass the Frelimo aim of a Socialist society, explaining that hard work and sacrifice are required. There is also a section on political history, dates including 25 June, 1962, the day on which Frelimo was founded, and 25 September, 1964, when the opening shots in the guerrilla war were fired.
Frelimo sends political militants to the schools to explain ideology, leaving routine tuition to an army of mostly white volunteers, few with teaching qualification.
SYNOPSIS: Most nationalist soldiers are illiterate, like ninety per cent of the population. What school there were in Mozambique were always multiracial. But most Africans did not gave enough money to buy books for their children, so they stayed at home. Frelimo sends its own political instructors to the schools to explain ideology, leaving routine teaching to volunteers, mostly white, with few teaching qualifications. There are four hundred students attending evening classes in this Lourenco Marques school. A year ago, it was always empty after dark.