• Short Summary

    SINCE THE BEGINNING, MAN HAS BEEN INTRIGUED BY THE STARS. STARS SPEND MOST OF THEIR?

  • Description

    SINCE THE BEGINNING, MAN HAS BEEN INTRIGUED BY THE STARS. STARS SPEND MOST OF THEIR LIVES QUIETLY BURNING AWAY THEIR NUCLEAR FUELS AS IF THEY WERE GIANT REACTORS. THEY ARE MUCH MORE EFFICIENT AT PRODUCING ENERGY THAN IS OUR PRIMITIVE BURNING OF FUELS ON EARTH TODAY.

    THE SUN IS A SMALL STAR. YET ONE SECOND OF ITS OUTPUT IS EQUAL TO ALL THE ENERGY EVER CONSUMED ON EARTH.

    GREAT POTENTIAL BENEFITS MAY COME FROM STUDYING AND UNDERSTANDING THE STARS...HOW THEY PRODUCE ENERGY, AND THEN HOW THEY TRANSMIT IT OVER MILLIONS OF MILES OF EMPTY SPACE, LOSING LITTLE IF ANY OF ITS INTENSITY ALONG THE WAY.

    ALL ASTRONOMY WAS DONE BY HUMAN EYES AND TELESCOPES BEFORE SPACE EXPLORATION WITH MEN AND SATELLITES ALLOWED SCIENTISTS TO LIFT THEIR INSTRUMENTS ABOVE THE EARTH'S DISTORTING ATMOSPHERE.

    HIGH ENERGY STREAMING OUT FROM THE STARS IS HIDDEN BY THIS ATMOSPHERE.

    FROM A DISTANCE, IT LOOKS LIKE ANY OTHER PLANE COMING IN FOR A LANDING. THE SIMILARITIES END THERE, HOWEVER. INSIDE--THIS CONVAIR 990 JET IS FILLED WITH HIGHLY SOPHISTICATED SCIENCE EXPERIMENTS--A LABORATORY WITH WINGS. CALLED GALILEO TWO, THE AIRBORNE SCIENCE LABORATORY FLYS ITS MISSIONS FROM NASA'S AMES RESEARCH CENTER IN CALIFORNIA. IT IS SEEN HERE RECENTLY LANDING IN MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA, ONE STOP IN A GLOBE-SPANNING EXPERIMENT FROM POLE TO POLE TO SEE IF THERE ARE CHANGES IN OUR UPPER ATMOSPHERE CAUSED BY GASSES USED IN AEROSOL CANS, AND FROM OTHER POLLUTANTS.

    THIS IS HEAO...SHORT FOR HIGH ENERGY ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY. IT IS THE FIRST OF THREE SUCH STAR WATCHERS BEING READIED BY TRW FOR LAUNCH BETWEEN NOW AND 1979. WEIGHING NEARLY THREE TONS, HEAO IS MADE UP OF TWO PARTS. AN EXPERIMENTS MODULE. AND A SPACECRAFT MODULE.

    ONCE IN SPACE, THIS FIRST HIGH ENERGY ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY WILL ROTATE SLOWLY SO THAT OVER A SIX MONTH PERIOD OF TIME IT WILL SCAN THE ENTIRE COSMOS, MAPPING EVERYTHING IT OBSERVES. PULSARS, QUASARS, SUPERNOVAE, AND BLACK HOLES.

    HEAO...A NEW SPACE OBSERVATORY TO HELP US UNDERSTAND HOW EXTREMELY HIGH ENERGIES ARE GENERATED IN SPACE -- PERHAPS UNLOCKING SECRETS OF THE EVOLUTION OF THE UNIVERSE, EVEN SHOWING NEW WAYS TO GENERATE POWER HERE ON EARTH.

    THERE ARE EIGHT DIFFERENT EXPERIMENTS EITHER IN OR ON THE PLANE. SOME COLLECT SAMPLES FROM PROBES MOUNTED OUTSIDE THE AIRCRAFT. WITH THE ONBOARD COMPUTER, MANY ARE ANALYZED ON THE SPOT. OTHERS ARE BOTTLED AND RETURNED TO THE LABORATORY FOR ADDITIONAL ANALYSIS. SCIENTISTS ARE COLLECTING INFORMATION ON EVERYTHING THEY CAN DETECT IN OUR ATMOSPHERE. FROM THE EARTH UP, AEROSOLS, JET PLANE EXHAUST--ANYTHING THAT MIGHT ADVERSELY AFFECT OUR PLANET. FROM SPACE, THEY MEASURE COSMIC RAYS AND CHARGED PARTICLES.

    EVEN MEASUREMENTS OF WATER VAPOR ARE PROVING TO BE HELPFUL AND MAY BE THE KEY TO AVOIDING AIR TURBULENCE. ALL THE DATA TAKEN IS NOW BEING STUDIED BY UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH CENTERS BOTH HERE AND ABROAD.

    SURVEYING ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION FROM AN AIRBORNE LABORATORY. A COOPERATIVE EFFORT TO STUDY THE EFFECTS OF POLLUTION ON THE OVERALL ATMOSPHERE AND ON LIFE HERE.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA1EUBAH27LG475IOVFHRA4JJCZ
    Media URN:
    VLVA1EUBAH27LG475IOVFHRA4JJCZ
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/03/1977
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:21:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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