Cardinal Samuel Stritch, S.T.D., Archbishop of Chicago, died in Rome early today at the age?
Cardinal Samuel Stritch, S.T.D., Archbishop of Chicago, died in Rome early today at the age of 70.
He was appointed in March 1958 as Pro-Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda, and was the first American cardinal to be given the direction of a Congregation in the Roman Curia. The Prefect, Cardinal Fumosoni-Biondi, is 85 and virtually blind, and it was because of his age and infirmity that Cardinal Stritch was called to the Curia. He was due to assume his duties on April 28th, but suffered during the journey from America from an occlusion in the principal artery of the right arm, which was amputated on that day. He appeared to have made a remarkable recovery and was able with an assistant to say Mass.
Cardinal Stritch, who was appointed to the archiepiscopal see of Chicago after the death of Cardinal Mundelein in 1939, played a substantial part in the development of Roman Catholic organizations throughout the United States and also in the formation of public opinion on international affairs.
As Bishop of Toledo, to which he was appointed in 1921, nine years later as Archbishop of Milwaukee, and eventually as Archbishop of Chicago, he devoted himself not only to the extension of education and social welfare among his own people but also to national and international problem arising during and after the Second World War.
He was born at Nashville, Tennessee, of Irish parents in 1887 and educated at St. Gregory's Seminary, Nashville, where his brilliance (he graduated at the age of 16) caused the Bishop of Nashville to send him to the American College in Rome. There he obtained a double doctorate, of Philosophy and Sacred Theology, and was ordained in 1910 by special dispensation, as he had not reached canonical age. After five years of parochial experience at Memphis be acted successively as private secretary to the Bishop of Nashville and Chancellor of the diocese, until 1921, when he was consecrated Bishop of Toledo.
His attitude to post-war problem was summed up in a statement supporting the San Francisco charter. "No have broken with our past tradition and have done so rightly," he said. "We are now the most powerful nation but by that very fact we have much to give the world and an obligation to do so." He was raised to the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1946 by Pope Pius XII with the title of St. Agnes Outside the Walls.