Moscow, capital of the Soviet Union, thrives on every kind of modern transport -- underground railways, buses, private cars and air travel.
Moscow, capital of the Soviet Union, thrives on every kind of modern transport -- underground railways, buses, private cars and air travel. The present Five-Year Plan recognises that good transportation is at the heart of modern city's well-being and that the network must be expanded further to serve an ever-growing Moscow.
The first taxi appeared in Moscow in 1903 to the stunned amazement of onlookers. Now there are 1,300 taxis among the traffic which packs the city's highways. Every day more private cars roll off the production lines.
The first trams were primitive wooden contraptions, and they were few and far between. These days, the trams sperate only in the spreading suburbs. The central ares are served by fleets of comfortable modern buses. There are over 8,000 buses, trolley buses and trams in the city.
The underground railway -- the Metro -- remains the most popular and fastest form of transport for workers in Moscow. The Moscow Metro -- built in the early 1930s at legendary speed -- is still famous for its spaciousness and cleanliness. It is being expanded all the time, and in 1973 a new north-south express line was opened, enabling passengers to cross the city in 30 minutes.
Finally, the Moscow Civil Aviation Board has progressed a long way from the first tentative flights to Novgorod in 1923 with tickets costing 120 million roubles. Now Moscow boasts four airports working at full capacity to serve 60 international and 170 domestic routes.