• Short Summary

    THE FRENCH PRIME MINISTER, MR. POMPIDOU, AND OTHER MEMBERS OF THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT TOMORROW (FRIDAY)?

  • Description

    THE FRENCH PRIME MINISTER, MR. POMPIDOU, AND OTHER MEMBERS OF THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT TOMORROW (FRIDAY) WILL OPEN OFFICIAL CELEBRATIONS TO MARK THE ONE THOUSANDTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE FOUNDING OF THE MONASTERY ON MONT ST. MICHAEL, A SMALL ISLAND IN THE GULF OF ST. MALO.

    ST. MICHEL HAS ENDURED CENTURIES OF CHANGING HISTORY IN FRANCE AND EUROPE, AND AS WELL AS BEING THE HOME OF ONE OF EUROPE'S OLDEST AND MOST FAMOUS BENEDICTINE MONASTERIES, IT IS AMONG THE MOST VISITED TOURIST SPOTS IN FRANCE.

    ST. MICHEL IS A VOLCANIC ISLAND WHICH APPEARED OFF THE FRENCH COAST QUITE SUDDENLY IN ABOUT 708. HISTORY BOOKS RECORD THAT THE THEN BISHOP OF AVARANCHES AUBERT WAS TOLD BY SAINT MICHAEL THE ARCHANGEL IN A DREAM THAT A CHAPEL SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED ON THE ISLAND.

    THE ISLAND WAS OCCUPIED BY A SMALL COMMUNITY OF BENEDICTINE MONKS, WHO STARTED THE FIRST BUILDING PROJECTS. HOWEVER, IT WAS NOT UNTIL 965, WHEN ANOTHER GROUP OF MONKS, LED BY SAINT WANDRILLE, WENT TO THE ISLAND THAT BUILDING WORK REALLY STARTED ON A LARGE SCALE.

    THE FIRST BUILDINGS WERE ADDED TO THROUGH THE CENTURIES, IN VARIOUS TYPES OF ARCHITECTURE, INCLUDING EXAMPLES OF THE ROMANTIC, GOTHIC AND NORMAN PERIODS.

    DURING THE ONE HUNDRED YEARS WAR BETWEEN FRANCE AND BRITAIN, THE ISLAND BECAME A STRATEGIC POSITION, AND TO THE STATELY ABBEY AND RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS WERE ADDED LARGE FORTIFICATIONS AND TOWERS. AFTER THE LONG WAR WITH ENGLAND, THE ISLAND REVERTED AGAIN TO A HOME FOR BENEDICTINE MONKS, UNTIL THE TIME OF THE PROTESTANT HUGENOTS, IN 1591, WHEN IT WAS SACKED. IN 1789 IT WAS AGAIN SACKED AND MADE INTO A PRISON.

    BY 1817 ALL THE OLD BUILDINGS OF THE ISLAND, THE ABBEY AND CHAPEL AND THE LATER FORTIFICATIONS WERE ALL BUT RUINS, AND REMAINED IN A STATE OF DISREPAIR UNTIL 1874 WHEN A MOVE WAS MADE BY THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT TO RESTORE THE ISLAND AND THE BUILDING AS A HISTORIC MONUMENT.

    THE RESTORATION WORK TOOK MORE THAN 40 YEARS, AND ARCHITECTS AND BUILDERS HAD TO RELY A GREAT DEAL DURING REBUILDING ON OLD PICTURES AND PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE ORIGINAL BUILDINGS.

    LAST YEAR ALONE MORE THAN 600-THOUSAND TOURISTS VISITED THE ANCIENT BUILDING OF MONT ST. MICHEL. MORE THAN ONE-MILLION VISITORS ARE EXPECTED THIS YEAR. THE ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS WILL END IN OCTOBER NEXT YEAR WITH RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS AND HISTORIC PAGEANTRY.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA152NJT3C0P5OY37FW8PQG7GYI
    Media URN:
    VLVA152NJT3C0P5OY37FW8PQG7GYI
    Group:
    Reuters - Incuding Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    09/09/1965
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:07:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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