Ethiopia is believed to have highest rate of illiteracy. Few schools and a shortage of?
Ethiopia is believed to have highest rate of illiteracy. Few schools and a shortage of teachers has put the figure at about 95 per cent of the population. But now major initiatives are being taken to mobilize as many students and teachers as possible towards an adult literacy campaign. Youths above the age of fifteen, educators and government administrations have been called upon to spearhead a nationwide campaign to eradicate illiteracy in Ethiopia.
SYNOPSIS: The call was made at the University of Addis Ababa at the start of a two-day literacy campaign seminar. One of the speakers at the seminar was Ethiopia's Minister of Education, Lieutenant-Colonel Goshu Wolde.
Colonel Wolde spoke about what he called the exploitation and oppression of generations under the patronage of imperialism. He said Ethiopians had been left backward and ignorant.
Lieutenant Wolde told the delegates that in accordance, with guidelines in the National Revolutionary development Campaign -- a government programme which lays down Ethiopian post-revolutionary policies -- immense efforts had already been made in the literacy programme. These efforts he said would continue to translate the project into a reality. The literacy campaign had to be taken into all areas of life and its success depended on close cooperation between teachers and people willing to learn.
Education in Ethiopia is free, but only about eleven per cent of all those eligible attend schools. There are few schools, particularly in rural areas and some have barely functioned in the past 7 years. Schools were nationalised in 1975, and since September 1976 local peasant and urban dweller's associations have assumed control of them.
The literacy drive is aimed particularly at adults. Education know that unless mothers and fathers are literate, their children will not in turn be motivated to learn to read.