When President Kenneth Kaunda opened the third session of the Third National assembly in Lusaka, on Friday (16 January), he made his first major public statement on the subject of Angola since the end of the Organisation of African Unity's summit meeting on Angola earlier in the week.
GV Kaunda's car escorted by cavalry arriving at Parliament building
Sv African youths holding banners condemning "Genocide" in Angola and supporting Kaunda's stand at OAU meeting (2 shots)
SV Kaunda and wife step from car and greeted by service chiefs
MV Mr. Robinson Mabulyato, Speaker of National Assembly, descending steps and greeting Kaunda with crowds cheering (2 shots)
GV & CU Kaunda seated addressing Assembly
KAUNDA: "Africa's failure to maintain unity int he face of crisis -- Africa's failure to resolve the problems of the conflicts, robs her of the power to shape the destiny of its peoples. The failure of the OAU to make decisions which affect our future is automatically a hand-over of power to foreign powers. This, I submit Mr. Speaker, is a violation of one of the supreme principles of pan-Africanism, namely, no intervention by foreign forces in Africa. It will be difficult for foreign powers in future not to get involved in our affairs because we ourselves have failed to use the power of unity. A divided Africa cannot bridge the yawning chasm which exists over a divided Angola. Africa must live up to its responsibilities for the enemies are calculating every step they make to undermine the unity of the continent."
The third session of the Third National Assembly of Zambia, was opened in Lusaka on Friday by President Kenneth Kaunda. The previous day students at the University of Lusaka had demonstrated against the President's stand at the OAU summit meeting on Angola.
The meeting had ended earlier in the week, with the Organisation failing to make any firm decision on the Angolan problem.
The student demonstrators had criticised President Kaunda for not agreeing to recognise the Soviet-backed MPLA Government based in Luanda. In his speech at the opening of the National Assembly, the President made his first major public statement about the OAU meeting and its failure to take a firm line. His view of the situation was not optimistic.
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This film includes a sound extract from President Kaunda's speech. The following is a transcript
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: When President Kenneth Kaunda opened the third session of the Third National assembly in Lusaka, on Friday (16 January), he made his first major public statement on the subject of Angola since the end of the Organisation of African Unity's summit meeting on Angola earlier in the week.
President Kaunda said that the OAU's failure to reach agreement on Angola, automatically meant handing over its fate to foreign powers. He said that the war in Angola was traumatic and its impact on Zambia incalculable. It had brought into sharp focus the disastrous effects of disunity and foreign intervention in Africa.
The President said that peace in Angola and other nearby countries was an absolute necessity for Zambia, and it would now be easy for foreign powers to get involved in Angola because Africa was divided.
The day before (Thursday) students at Lusaka University has accused President Kaunda of "criminal treachery" for declining to recognise the Soviet-backed Luanda-based Government of the MPLA (the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola).
Riot police -- some with rifles -- guarded the University campus as hundreds of students demonstrated against Dr. Kaunda's policy, and in support of the MPLA.