The 13th anniversary of Indian Independence was celebrated throughout India August 15 with Government receptions, speeches and unfurling of flags.
The 13th anniversary of Indian Independence was celebrated throughout India August 15 with Government receptions, speeches and unfurling of flags. At the Old Red Fort in Delhi, Premier Pandit Nehru inspected a guard-of-honour, traditionally "broke" the flag and met distinguished personalities - including Minister of Defence Krishna Menon - before addressing a vast crowd from the ramparts of the Fort.
In a long speech, the Indian Prime Minister spoke against the present trend of placing importance on State, group, language or caste and forgetting the country as a whole. "Look around the world", he said, "Two big giants are preparing for war and mighty instruments of war are being fashioned. At such a time to forget the country and quarrel over petty things is very wrong".
Mr. Nehru warned that India would eventually "tackle" the problem of Goa - a Portuguese colony and last remaining foreign possession in Indian territory. No date was named.
During the day, one hundred and eighty-seven Sikhs, clamouring for an independent Punjabi State, were arrested by police. While Mr. Nehru was unfurling the national flag an attempt was made by a number of Sikhs to break through the police cordon.