It has been two years since Somalia went to war over a stretch of land known as the Ogaden.
SV PAN Prisoners being marched to meet journalists after arriving in Diredawa town in Ogaden
SCU PAN Prisoners lined up against barbed wire fence
SV Ethiopian military guard looking on
CUs Prisoners answering questions from journalists (5 shots)
SV Prisoners leaving and boarding bus (2 shots)
TRACKING SHOT Ogaden town of Warder with camels in groups
GV AND SV Captured mines PAN TO Other weapons including shells and ammunition (4 shots)
SV Rifles and weapons including artillery guns (2 shots)
GVs Armoured vehicles (6 shots)
SV Ethiopian soldier walking past t-55 Somali tank
CU ZOOM OUT Registration number on tank
SV Destroyed tank
SVs Dead Somali soldiers (3 shots)
GVs Journalists inspecting destroyed Somali tank (3 shots)
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Background: It has been two years since Somalia went to war over a stretch of land known as the Ogaden. The fighting was once described as a battle for the strategic Horn of Africa, organised by the superpowers. Now it has turned into an unrelenting guerrilla war. The latest Ethiopian-Somali battle in this disputed desert started in late May. According to an Ethiopian army spokesman, the battle for Warder, 90 miles (145 kilometres), from the Somalia border, ended with an Ethiopian victory on Wednesday (17 September).
SYNOPSIS: The Ethiopian government arranged a special trip for journalists to witness the aftermath of the battle. In the garrison town of Diredawa, eight captured Somali prisoners were put on show. Through an interpreter, seven of them said they were regular troops, the other belonged to a police paramilitary unit. A sergeant in the Somali fourth army division said he was captured after his ammunition ran out during the battle for the watering town of Warder. The Ethiopian army said the men would be exchanged for Ethiopian prisoners if the Mogadishu government was willing to negotiate.
Ethiopia and Somalia fought a war over the ethnically Somali Ogaden between 1977 and 1978 and there have been skirmishes ever since. These have involved regular troops from both sides, and Somali guerrillas. Somalia has long claimed the region as part of what it calls greater Somalia.
Camels sip the water from the well at the small town of Warder--the water supplies make the town worth fighting for. Ethiopia says 14,000 Somali troops took part in the four-month battle for the town. The journalists were shown a diversity of weapons--mines from France, rockets from China, and Jeeps made in the United States. And a vast number of shells and other ammunition was on show. Somalia has had no regular arms suppliers since it broke ties with the Soviet Union at the height of the Ogaden war. The diversity of the captured weapons suggested they'd been bought on the open market.
There were also five practically unmarked armoured personnel carriers from Italy. The Ethiopians said none of this equipment had been used by their almost totally Soviet-supplied forces. The visiting reporters went to see this equipment in convoys and an escort of troops.
Four burnt-out Soviet-made tanks of Somalia's army stand as blackened sentinels at the scene of this recent battle. Ethiopia claims to have killed 1,326 Somalis in the fighting for the loss of only 82 of their own troops. The Ethiopian army spokesman said a recent military agreement between the United States and Somalia would prompt more invasions. Under the agreement, the U.S. will have access to military bases on the highly strategic Horn of Africa.