Mozambique, in common with eight other South African, has relied heavily in the past on white-ruled South Africa for its transport and commercial communication links with the rest of the world.
GVs Goods being unloaded at port (4 shots)
SV PULL BACK TO GVs Soviet ships in dock
GV Crane unloading goods, with anti-racist slogans on containers (2 shots)
LV Maputo skyline from port
SVs Trains pull out of docks (2 shots)
GVs Tribal dancers at airport (2 shots)
SV President Samora Machel walks towards aircraft
SV Zimbabwe's leader, Prime Minister Robert Mugabe, greeted by Machel as crowd looks on (3 shots)
SV PULL BACK TO GV President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania arrives and is welcomed by Machel (3 shots)
GV INTERIOR President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia and Mr Mugabe seated with other delegates
GV ZOOM TO SV President Machel speaks (PORTUGUESE SOT) as delegates listen (2 shots)
SCU Sam Nujoma, leader of SWAPO PAN TO delegates
GV Audience applauds
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Background: Mozambique, in common with eight other South African, has relied heavily in the past on white-ruled South Africa for its transport and commercial communication links with the rest of the world. Maputo, the capital, is only a few kilometres (miles) from the border with neighbouring South Africa, but in an effort to reduce its economic dependence on its neighbour, President Samora Machel's government tried to bring in more of the country's goods through the city port. Ships, some of which came from the Soviet Union, were in port on July 10 to unload their cargoes, which are then distributed by train to the rest of the long, coastal country. The state-run trains are, however, owned by the South African government. The countries' economic independence was the main point on the agenda for the fourth annual summit meeting in Maputo on July 11 of the SADCC (Southern African Development Coordination Conference). President Machel welcomed other heads of state, including Prime Minister Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, and President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, on the eve of the conference (July 10). The following day (July 11) delegates appealed for international help, particularly from the developed West, to combat what they called an undeclared war against them. The delegates, who included President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, and President Quett Masire of Botswana, also urged friendly Western nations to transfer their investments from South Africa to SADCC members. In his speech, President Machel said that the minority South African government was using tactics of armed assaults and economic sabotage to force SADCC states to divert vital funds away from humanitarian needs to defence needs. He said Pretoria attacked its neighbours with regular troops, special forces and secret agents. Mr Sam Nujoma, leader of SWAPO, (South West African Peoples Organisation) was also present. Since its establishment three years ago, the Conference has annually expressed the hope that "next year Namibia (South West Africa) would be a full member of the association." Since 1946, South Africa has ruled Namibia (South West Africa) in defiance of numerous United Nations resolutions, and in latter years, in the face of an armed SWAPO guerrilla struggle.