U.S. Constitution Signed, PRC Proclaimed and more

Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.

Archive PickThe Second Quebec Conference
12 September marks the 75th Anniversary of the Second Quebec Conference, held during WW2. Roosevelt and Churchill met to discuss the Mongenthau Plan to demilitarize Germany, the role of the Royal Navy in the war against Japan, and the continuation of U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain.
Archive PickHaile Selassie Deposed
12 September also marks the 45th Anniversary of Haile Selassie being deposed as the Emperor of Ethiopia by the Derg, a committee of military officers. These films look back at the coup and its immediate aftermath.
Archive PickMaastricht Liberated
14 September marks the 75th Anniversary of the liberation of Maastricht during WW2. It was the first Dutch city to be liberated by the Allies.
Archive PickNikita Khrushchev Becomes Soviet Premier
15 September marks the 60th Anniversary of Nikita Khrushchev becoming the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He was responsible for the de-Stalinization of the USSR, and backed the early Soviet space program.
Archive PickThe U.S. Constitution is Signed
On 17 September 1787, the U.S. Constitution was signed. It is the oldest written and codified national constitution in force. This film from 1951 shows conservationists working to preserve the original parchment document.
Archive PickThe Sinking of the HMS Courageous
17 September also marks the 80th Anniversary of the sinking of the HMS Courageous during WW2. She was the first British warship to be sunk by Germany during the war. Originally built as a battlecruiser in 1916, she was converted into an aircraft carrier in 1928.
Archive PickOperation Market Garden
17 September also marks the 75th Anniversary of the launch of Operation Market Garden during WW2. Allied forces planned to utilize airborne forces to capture a series of nine bridges in the Netherlands, which would have created a foothold across the river Rhine. The operation however was a failure.
Archive PickBlackpool Illuminations
18 September marks the 140th Anniversary of the Blackpool Illuminations being switched on for the first time. They run 5.2 miles along the seafront, stretching from the Promenade to the Starr Gate. There are over one million bulbs!
Archive PickThe Royal Opera House Opens
18 September also marks the 210th Anniversary of the opening of the Royal Opera House in London. It is the third largest auditorium in the city. Take a look back at the acts and performances it has seen over the years in this archive collection.
Archive PickThe People’s Republic of China is Proclaimed
21 September marks the 70th Anniversary of the proclamation of the People’s Republic of China. A national demonstration followed on 1 October, which has since become the National Day of China. These films show the reaction of the West on the fall of Nanking and Shanghai to Chinese Red Army forces.
Archive PickFDR’s ‘Fala’ Speech
23 September marks the 75th Anniversary of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s ‘Fala’ Speech. It was one of FDR’s lighter, humourous speeches, in which he objected to Republican attacks against his dog, Fala, and indicated that a rumour that Fala had been retrieved by a US Navy destroyer after being left on the Aleutian Islands was false.

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