Wall St Crash, Suez Crisis and more

Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 

 
Archive PickFrancisco Franco’s Remains
The remains of the former Spanish Dictator will be removed from the Valley of the Fallen monument and reinterred with those of his widow in the family mausoleum in Madrid.
 
 
Archive PickThe Second Battle of El Alamein
On 23 October 1941, the Second Battle of El Alamein began. Resulting in an Allied victory, the battle was a turning point in the Desert Campaign, eliminating the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields. It greatly revived Allied morale.
 
Archive PickThe Hungarian Revolution
On 23 October 1956, a nationwide revolution against the Communist Hungarian People’s Republic began. It was the first major challenge to Soviet control to occur within the Eastern Bloc. Soviet forces invaded the country on 4 November, ending the revolution by 10 November.
 
Archive PickUnited Nations Day
On 24 October, United Nations Day is celebrated. It has been celebrated on this day since 1948, commemorating the UN Charter becoming enforced on the same day in 1945. These films look back at the early history of the UN, and its headquarters in New York, USA.
 
Archive PickThe Wall Street Crash
24 October also marks the 90th Anniversary of the beginning of the Wall Street Crash. It was the most devastating stock market crash in American history, and signalled the beginning of the worldwide economic Great Depression. It would take until November 23, 1954, for the market to recover to its pre-crash levels.
 
Archive PickThe New York Subway
On 27 October 1904, the first underground New York Subway line was opened. The Subway is the busiest rapid transit rail system in the Western Hemisphere and the Western World, delivering over 1.72 billion rides in 2017. Take a look back at its history here.
 
Archive PickProhibition In America
28 October marks the 100th Anniversary of the Volstead Act becoming law, enforcing the 18th Amendment, which banned the production, importation, transport and sale of alcoholic drinks in America. Prohibition in America lasted until the 21st Amendment was passed on 5 December 1933.
 
Archive PickThe March on Rome
On 28 October 1922, Benito Mussolini and 30,000 Italian Blackshirts staged a march on Rome, demanding rule in Italy. The next day, Mussolini was invited to form a government, and was sworn in as President of Italy on 31 October 1922.
 
 
Archive PickThe Suez Crisis
On 29 October 1956, Israeli forces invaded Egypt, beginning the Suez Crisis. Britain deployed paratroopers on 5 November, however it emerged that the invasion had been pre-planned so that Britain could retake the canal, which Egypt had nationalised.
 
Archive PickThe M1 Motorway Opens
2 November marks the 60th Anniversary of the opening of the first section of the M1 Motorway in the UK. It was the first inter-urban motorway to be completed in the country. Take a look back at its opening with this archive collection.
 
 
Archive PickThe ‘Cash & Carry’ Bill Signed
4 November marks the 80th Anniversary of the signing of the ‘Cash & Carry’ bill in the USA. The bill preserved the neutrality of the USA during World War Two, though allowed belligerents to purchase military goods from them, provided they paid immediately in cash and transported them via their own ships.
 
Archive PickThe Iranian Hostage Crisis
4 November also marks the 40th Anniversary of the beginning of the Iranian Hostage Crisis. 52 American diplomats and citizens were held hostage for 444 days, after a group of Iranian college students belonging to the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam’s Line, a group which supported the Iranian Revolution, took over the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.
 
 

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