My Lai Massacre, Salt March begins and more

Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.

Archive PickMy Lai Massacre
10 March marks the anniversary of Ernest Medina being charged by the US military with war crimes in 1970 for his role in the My Lai Massacre of 16 March 1968 during the Vietnam War. He was acquitted. These films document the court martial.
Archive PickSumner Welles’ European Tour
On 11 March, it will be 80 years since US Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles presented his unauthorised and unsuccessful peace plan to limit WW2. These newsreels document Sumner’s efforts.
Archive PickGandhi begins Salt March
90 years ago, on 12 March 1930, Mahatma Gandhi began a 24-day 200-mile march to the sea to protest the British monopoly on salt in India. His trek was covered by these contemporary newsreels.
Archive PickThe Winter War ends
On 12 March 1940, Finland signed the Moscow Peace Treaty, ending The Winter War and ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia to the USSR. This film collection chronicles The Winter War which saw the Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations.
Archive PickGrand Slam
75 years ago, the RAF’s first use of Barnes Wallis’ Grand Slam bomb, nicknamed Ten Ton Tess, took place against the Bielefeld viaduct in Germany on 14 March 1945. It was captured on film.
Archive PickGorbachev Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev became the first and only President of the Soviet Union on 15 March 1990, 30 years ago. Although 1990 is beyond British Pathé’s date range, we do have extensive coverage of the Soviet Union, the Cold War, and Gorbachev’s early career.
Archive PickAnti-Cuban Covert Action
17 March marks 60 years since President Dwight D. Eisenhower approved Operation 40, a covert anti-Cuban action program that would lead to the Bay of Pigs invasion. The events leading up to and resulting from this covert campaign are featured here.
Archive PickBrenner Pass
18 March is the 80th anniversary of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meeting at the Brenner Pass in the Alps to agree an alliance against France and Britain. The footage of the meeting can be viewed here.
Archive PickThe Lumière Brothers
It will be the 125th anniversary, on 19 March, of Auguste and Louis Lumière using their own patented camera. Pathé acquired the Lumières’ patents in 1907. The geniuses appear in some films here.
Archive PickThe Battle of Mandalay
On 20 March 1945, British troops liberated Mandalay from the Japanese as part of the Burma Campaign in WW2. The Allied advance to Mandalay is documented here.
Archive PickArab League
22 March marks 75 years since the Arab League was founded. The charter was adopted in Cairo, Egypt. Its meetings, membership, controversies, and peace-keeping efforts are charted here.
Archive PickLasers
On 22 March 1960, American physicists Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes received the first patent granted for a laser. These films look at early laser technology.

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