20 July Plot, The Kellogg-Briand Pact and more

Here’s our regularly-updated selection of films that may be of use to news editors and journalists in covering important anniversaries, contextualising current events or illustrating trending topics.
 

 
Archive PickThe Open Championship Begins
The Open Championship begins at Royal Portrush Golf Club in Northern Ireland. It is the only club to have held the Open from outside of England and Scotland, and the tournament has only been held there once before in 1951.
 
 
Archive PickApollo 11
This month marks 50 years since the Apollo 11 mission, the first manned moon landing. The mission launched on 16 July, landing on the moon on the 20 July. The astronauts Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin (‘Buzz’) Aldrin safely returned to Earth on 24 July.
 
Archive PickThe Spanish Civil War Begins
On 17 July 1936, the Spanish Civil War began, when a military coup began against the Second Spanish Republic, taking control of Spanish Morocco. The conflict would pit Nationalists against Republicans, and end in the formation of Francoist Spain, under Francisco Franco.
 
Archive PickThe First Cenotaph is Unveiled
19 July marks the 100th Anniversary of the unveiling of the first Cenotaph in London’s Whitehall, erected to commemorate the fallen of WW1. It was replaced by the now permanent structure on 11 November 1920.
 
 
Archive Pick20 July Plot
20 July marks the 75th Anniversary of the 20 July Plot during WW2, in which Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler. The attempt was unsuccessful, with Hitler surviving a bomb blast intended to kill him.
 
Archive PickThe Second Battle of Guam Begins
21 July marks the 75th Anniversary of the beginning of the Second Battle of Guam, during WW2. American forces intended to recapture the island, taken in 1941 by Japanese forces.
 
 
Archive PickThe Kellogg-Briand Pact
24 July marks the 90th Anniversary of the Kellogg-Briand Pact becoming effective. The nations which signed the pact agreed to not use war to resolve ‘disputes or conflicts of whatever origin they may be’. Though the pact did not end war, or stop the rise of militarism and WW2, it remains in effect.
 
Archive PickThe ‘Kitchen Debate’
24 July marks the 60th Anniversary of the ‘Kitchen Debate’ between Nikita Khrushchev and Richard Nixon. The two debated the relative merits of Communism and Capitalism within a model American Kitchen at the American National Exhibition in Moscow.
 
Archive PickThe First Channel Crossing by Hovercraft
25 July marks the 60th Anniversary of the hovercraft, invented by Sir Christopher Cockerell, successfully crossing the English Channel. Take a look back with these films showing the historic crossing.
 
 
Archive Pick‘Britain is No Longer an Island’
25 July also marks the 110th Anniversary of Louis Blériot’s first successful flight across the English Channel. Amazed at the possibilities of aviation, the Daily Express claimed that Britain was ‘no longer an island’ when reporting Blériot’s feat. These films explore the crossing and its importance.
 
Archive PickThe Maiden Flight of the De Havilland Comet
27 July marks the 70th Anniversary of the maiden flight of the De Havilland Comet, the world’s first commercial jet liner. These films look at the aircraft’s record-breaking early history.
 
 
Archive PickWorld War One Begins
28 July marks the 105th Anniversary of the Austro-Hungarian declaration of war against Serbia, which began WW1. A series of global alliances expanded the conflict into a global war, with Britain entering the conflict on 14 August 1914.
 
 

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