Pathe News reviews 1956 - a year of turmoil.
LV. Snow covered English countryside scene. GV. Snow covered countryside with the sun rising in the background. CU. Snow on farm gate. SV. Pan up Eros statute in Piccadilly covered in icicles. GV. People skating on the frozen Seine in Paris. CU. Man falls on ice and into camera. GV. Man walking across the frozen Baltic to ship. AS. Ship frozen solid in the ice. GV. Snowed up Times Square in New York. CU. Snow falling on policeman in Rome. GV. Snow blizzard blowing in the centre of Rome.
SV. Pan down to ski jump in Cortina, skier jumps. SV. Pan, skier in the air pan, as he lands.
SV. One of the Monte Carlo Rally cars skidding along ice bound road on route to Monte Carlo. SV. Pan another car skidding along ice bound road. GV. Monte Carlo with cars arriving. SV. Winners of the Monte Carlo Rally being congratulated. British trio won the Rally, Adams, Biggar and Johnstone.
GV. Comet III arriving home after victorious round the world flight at London Airport. SCU. 'Cats Eyes' Cunningham and Peter Bugge, the pilots, at microphones.
GV. Students running riot in Cyprus. LV. Soldiers running to meet them as stones are thrown down at them. SV. Shot man lying on the road whilst stretcher is brought out of ambulance. GV. Greek Cypriot leader Archbishop Makarios, surrounded by followers walking through street on way to being deported.
GV. Tribesmen parading before the Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh, at the Royal Durbar in Nigeria. CU. Tribesmen on horseback. SV. Queen and the Duke watching from dais. SV. Group of dancers dressed in beads etc. CU. Black faced dancer. SCU. Queen and the Duke watching. LV. Pan tribesmen charging down on their horses before the Queen and the Duke.
SV. Air to air shot of the 'Fairey Delta II' in flight, piloted by Peter Twiss. SV. A group of men at instruments recording air speed record. GV. Looking towards sky as the plane streaks across the sky for the record run leaving behind a vapour trail. SCU. Officials looking through binoculars. GV. Looking towards sky as Peter Twiss makes second air speed record across sky. SV. Peter Twiss smiling after the record.
GV. Massed crowds at the Grand National course at Aintree. SV. Track shot with the Grand National horses racing. They jump over jump No 1. Travel shot continued, the horses jump No 2 jump. AS. The Queen Elizabeth II and the Queen Mother looking through binoculars. GV. The leading horses coming up the straight to the finish with Devon Loch leading. CU. Devon Loch racing. He makes his dramatic fall and E.S.B. comes into the picture, past Devon Loch and pass the post.
GV. Crowds outside the Russian Embassy in London. SV. Interior, Britain's Prime Minister, Sir Anthony Eden and Soviet Premier Mr Nikolai Bulganin, seated together at the luncheon table. GV. The luncheon in progress. SV. Mr Rab Butler and Soviet Communist Party Leader Mr Nikita Khruschev at the table. Kruschev smiles as he selects a bottle of wine from the waiter. CU. Sir Anthony Eden smiling, pan to Bulganin smiling.
GV. Russian warships at Portsmouth. SV. Commander Crabbe, Naval frogman who mysteriously disappears, putting on his diving equipment. CU. Frogmen's feet, pan up to Commander Crabbe adjusting diving gear.
GV. Harbour at Monaco. SV. Interior of church, Prince Rainier of Monaco and American film star Grace Kelly, kneeling before the alter during their wedding ceremony. CU. Grace Kelly kneeling before the alter.
GV. Massed crowd cheering at Wembley Cup Final. GV. Footballer Revvy racing up with the ball, he passes the ball to Clarke who receives it and passes it back to Revvy, who side foots it and Hayes rushes in and slams the ball into the net. GV. Massed crowd cheering. LV. Johnson coming through to score Manchester City's third goal. Ball in the net. CU. Crowd cheering. SV. Birmingham attacking and Bert Trautmann being bowled over in collision with player. CU. Worried looking girl in crowd. SV. Bert Trautmann being helped up on his feet and holding his neck. Manchester City wins the Cup (3-1).
GV. Massed crowd at the Derby at Epsom. SV. Horses race round Tattenham Corner. GV. Horses racing up to the straight and Lavendin passes the post.
GV. Parade of V.C.'s in Hyde Park - Queen's review of the 300 holders of Victoria Cross. Royal party watching from dais (Queen Elizabeth II, Princess Margaret, Queen Mother and Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh). SV. V.C.'s in wheelchairs being pushed past the dais.
GV. Ken Rosewall and Lew Hoad in play in the Wimbledon Men's Finals - winning point to Hoad. They run to the net to shake hands, amidst applause. SV. Hoad and Rosewall shake hands over the net. GV. Applauding crowd. SCU. Shirley Fry and Angela Buxton together after the Woman's Final - Shirley Fry won.
SV. Hutton family at Buckingham Palace when Len Hutton, famous cricketer, was Knighted. LV. Laker runs to bowl in the Fourth Test, he bowls . LV. Keith Miller playing the stroke, he is bowled. SV. Crowd. LV. Zoom in as Laker runs to bowl to Maddocks and Maddocks is out. Players gather around and congratulate Jim Laker as camera zooms out and in. England beat Australia and wins Ashes.
LV. 'Flying Row Boat' being towed through the air in helicopter fashion. LV. Towing boat in water and Flying Row Boat in the air - and water skier skier who goes over a ramp.
LV. From the air, ship 'Andrea Doria' lying on its side after the fatal collision with 'Stockholm'. LV. From the air, the bows torn off of the ship 'Stockholm' that was in collision with the 'Andrea Doria'. LV. From the air, 'Andrea Doria' nearing its end, lifeboats drifting around it.
GV. Inside a half idle Austin car factory with a sign 'the ships are waiting' hanging in the air. LV. Outside factory, a lorry approaches the gates. LV. Police trying to move strikers away from the front of a lorry so that it can get into the factory. A striker lies down in front of the lorry but he is promptly dragged away by the police.
SV. Two men standing on the back of a lorry. Strikers are shaking the lorry about while the two men try to fight them off, & LV. SV. A striker being taken away by the police. GV. Interior, Farnborough Air Show showing jet engines. SV. Jet engines on show. CU. Jet engine revolving.
LV. Pan, Donald Campbell making record run in Bluebird - he sets the World's water speed record. SV. Mrs Donald Campbell with Lady Campbell and one of Campbell's children looking on. SV. Donald Campbell getting out of the Bluebird.
LV. The 'Queen Mary' at Southampton. SV. Liberace standing on the deck smiling.
CU. Nina (Soviet Champion discus thrower who was charged for stealing five hats from a shop at Oxford street) in sports clothes at Russian Stadium. LV. Pan, Nina going up the gangway of a Russian ship at Surrey Dock to take her back home.
Air to air shot of the 'Vulcan' bomber. LV. Vulcan bomber flies overhead. GV. London Airport, cloud of smoke and fire after the Vulcan has crashed. LV. Fire on the runway attacked by fire engines. LV. Smoke pouring from runway with fire truck standing around etc. SV. Pilot, Donald Howard with wife gets into car to be taken home.
GV. Calder Hall, Britain's first atomic power station. LV. Queen Elizabeth II on dais delivering opening speech before turning on the power, Rab Butler seated behind. CU. Queen speaking (natural sound). GV. Inside the power station. GV. Calder Hall, the grid that is taking the new load in the foreground.
GV. Village in Mau Mau land in Kenya. SV. Mau Mau leader Dedan Kimathi lying on stretcher while man holds up Leopard skin hat and coat to show Chief's clothes. CU. Mau Mau Chief.
GV. Devastated street in Budapest with large gun in foreground. Hungarian uprising is crashed by Soviet tanks. LV. A tank laden with freedom fighters waving as they go by. LV. Tanks in desolate street and clouds of smoke hanging about denoting fighting going on. SV. Group of freedom fighters, one lying down working or firing a machine gun. GV. A tank in a large square, it fires. LV. Freedom fighters bringing back one of their own chaps on a stretcher to get the cover behind a tank. SV. Line of tanks lined up in street.
GV. Port Said, Egypt, showing burning oil dump on land and sunken ships in the foreground. LV. When Israel invaded Egypt, French and British troops moved in to safeguard the Suez Canal. Landing craft full of troops making towards the shore. LV. Troops wade ashore. SV. Troops leave landing craft and wade into water. LV. Troops wading ashore. GV. Pan showing mine explosion occurring on land and some of the sea. LV. Aircraft flying overhead. LV. From plane, paratroopers fall to earth. LV. Paratroops gliding down, Suez Canal seen in the picture. GV. Port Said, Suez Canal in the foreground, smoke pouring from buildings in background. SV. Troops on shore from landing craft. SV. Egyptian civilians surrendering to soldiers. SV. Tank patrolling street, & LV. SV. Civilians looking on.
SV. United Nations troops, now having arrived, marching through the street. SCU. UN troops marching, arm band (United Nations) is seen. GV. Troops on Harbour wall and some in boats preparing to leave the battle area now that the United Nations troops are there. SV. British troops going aboard ship. LV. As troops laden boat is about to move off. GV. From the air, pan of the Suez Canal - big question mark superimposed over it.