LMS. Sir Gladwyn Jebb, British Representative to UNO, speaking at UNO Security Council meeting on Korea. Soviet delegate Malik seen listening. LV. Sir Gladwin Jebb speaking - natural sound: '.....has been the chief problem since the beginning of the United Nations. Having now been most of them brought up from infancy on a doctrine of social infallibility, it is almost impossible for any member of the Soviet Government to believe that that government could in any circumstances be wrong, and indeed for any member of the Soviet Union not to believe that his Government is always as it were divinely inspired. Indeed, under the peculiar, long outmoded, materialistic philosophy to which they subscribe, the rulers of the Soviet Union are forced (or first) to maintain that everything works in accordance with what the major Soviet prophets have foretold. If, therefore, some canonised professor declared in say 1948 that it was inevitable that at some stage the materialist powers should band together to overcome any country in which socialism had been established, then in the course of (indistinguishable) question of whether socialism was in fact the kind of regime now established in the Soviet Union, such a materialist war becomes inevitable, therefore an obsession, which holds the minds of perhaps otherwise sane Soviet citizens, the great bulk of whom are fundamentally of course as decent and honourable a body of men as can be found anywhere in the world. And yet, there is no reality in their nightmare. All that the non-communist powers are in fact doing, is to take steps to see that the repressive and old fashioned philosophy to which I have referred, is not enforced by force on states which it does not suit and which have no desire to live under it. All they would ask of the Soviet Government is, that they should not become the slaves of their own theories and that as a habit they 'should drain not the dregs of the urn of bitter prophecy'. However, the draining of the urn, which has been proceeding now for many years.....MS.'.....there is not even a pretence that South Koreans voted for slavery. On the contrary, whatever the Soviet delegate may assert, the fact is that they showed in their elections, observed by the United Nations, that they did not care for communism of the Soviet type in the least. They dared indeed to register, by a perfectly free vote, that they were in favour of democracy, not upside down democracy, which is of course dictatorship, but real democracy (indistinguishable) but nevertheless a regime in which spiritual progress was at least possible for the simple reason that thought was free. Faced with this situation, the rulers of North Korea, decided that their brother? in the South must be given a lesson. The existence of a free regime on their very doorstep was an absolute anathema to them. They planned the crime, which in the circumstances it is true could hardly have been carried out undetected but which they thought they could get away with because the policeman's back was turned. However, the policeman, though perhaps somewhat off his guard, was not indifferent. Though jumped on, he blew his whistle and a number of other policemen are now coming to his aid. The argument that all the policemen ought now to be called off leaving the victim to the tender mercies of the attacker is not one which is likely to find much favour, if only for the fact that if it were done, it would be only too likely that the incident would soon be repeated and that Asia would once again be the scene of the crime.'(Pan across to Russian delegate Mr Malik during this shot). LV.'....in short, whatever solution is finally established, one thing comes necessarily first, and that is that the invading forces in Korea should go back whence they came. Then, there might be a period during which some body representing the United Nations, could establish contact with the North Korean authorities and report to the Security Council. Only then, I suggest, can we think of inviting representatives of the North Korean authorities to this table with the object of enabling United Nations to consider and carry out a scheme establishing a really independent and democratic Korea, which of course, is of interest to all of us, including the Soviet Government, to achieve. That, Mr President, is what I would call, the United Nations way - a way totally at variance with the solutions based on force, which unfortunately doesn't seem to be approved by the Soviet Union.'
LV. & MS. Jacob Malik speaking in Russian - natural sound. He is talking about hidden irregularities and illegal actions of Security Council of the UN and saying that USSR in this situation cannot accept the resolution unless it was changed to match the UN Charter and the existing international laws. American delegate Warren Austen listening his speech, pan back to Mr Malik speaking.
Date found in the old record - 22/08/1950.
- Religion & Politics